Prevalence and correlates of diabetes among criminal justice-involved individuals in the United States.

Published on Jun 7, 2019in Annals of Epidemiology2.573
· DOI :10.1016/J.ANNEPIDEM.2019.05.004
Craig A. Rolling6
Estimated H-index: 6
(SLU: Saint Louis University),
Michael G. Vaughn73
Estimated H-index: 73
(SLU: Saint Louis University)
+ 4 AuthorsBrian B. Boutwell24
Estimated H-index: 24
(SLU: Saint Louis University)
Abstract Background Diabetes is one of the most prevalent and fastest-growing adverse health conditions in the United States and disproportionately affects those demographic and socioeconomic groups that are also more likely to be involved with the criminal justice system. This study examines the prevalence and correlates of diabetes among criminal justice-involved individuals in the United States. Methods Using traditional statistical modeling and modern machine learning methods, data from the National Study on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) was analyzed to compare the correlates and predictive interactions of diabetes diagnosis among those respondents on probation and parole to a sample, matched by age and gender, who were not. Results Subjects involved in the CJ system were 15% more likely (1.66% vs. 1.44%, p = 0.015) to report a past-year diagnosis of diabetes than a sample of non-involved individuals matched by age and sex, although this association was not statistically significant after adjusting for demographic and behavioral confounders. Similar trends in diabetes prevalence emerged for the non-CJ and CJ groups with regard to income, depression (OR of 2.38 and 1.65 for the CJ and non-CJ groups, respectively) and attainment of college education (OR of 0.64 and 0.30 for the CJ and non-CJ groups, respectively, compared to those with less than a high school education). Results also suggested that a generally high propensity toward risk taking had a negative effect on diabetes for the non-CJ group (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.69-0.87), yet increased the odds of diabetes (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.02-1.85) for the CJ group. Conclusions Involvement in the U.S. criminal justice system is correlated with a higher prevalence of diabetes and differing risk factors for diabetes diagnosis. Further research is necessary, however, to unpack the precise causal pathways that underlie the associational trends in the current analysis.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
19 Citations
9 Citations
6 Citations
#1Florian Buchner (University of Duisburg-Essen)H-Index: 8
#2Jürgen Wasem (University of Duisburg-Essen)H-Index: 29
Last. Sonja Schillo (University of Duisburg-Essen)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Risk equalization formulas have been refined since their introduction about two decades ago. Because of the complexity and the abundance of possible interactions between the variables used, hardly any interactions are considered. A regression tree is used to systematically search for interactions, a methodologically new approach in risk equalization. Analyses are based on a data set of nearly 2.9 million individuals from a major German social health insurer. A two-step approach is applied: In th...
16 CitationsSource
#1Noelle E. Fearn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 5
#2Michael G. Vaughn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 73
Last. Zhengmin Qian (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 36
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Background Substance use and crime/recidivism are irrevocably linked. We explore the nuances of this association by highlighting the prevalence, trends, and correlates of substance use dsorders in a large group of probationers/parolees. Methods We examined SUDs among probationers and parolees in the United States using data from the National Study on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Logistic regression models were computed to examine eight distinct outcomes: alcohol abuse, illicit drug abus...
25 CitationsSource
#1Andy Menke (Silver Spring Networks)H-Index: 13
#2Sarah Stark Casagrande (Silver Spring Networks)H-Index: 15
Last. Catherine C. Cowie (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 56
view all 4 authors...
Importance Previous studies have shown increasing prevalence of diabetes in the United States. New US data are available to estimate prevalence of and trends in diabetes. Objective To estimate the recent prevalence and update US trends in total diabetes, diagnosed diabetes, and undiagnosed diabetes using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. Design, Setting, and Participants Cross-sectional surveys conducted between 1988-1994 and 1999-2012 of nationally representative s...
1,103 CitationsSource
#1Michael G. Vaughn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 73
#2Christopher P. Salas-Wright (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 32
Last. Alex R. Piquero (UTD: University of Texas at Dallas)H-Index: 115
view all 4 authors...
A burgeoning criminological literature has identified important intersections between public health, crime, and antisocial behavior. This study is based on public-use data collected between 2006 and 2010 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and an analytical sample of men (N = 84,054) and women (N = 95,308) between the ages of 18 and 64. Latent class analysis (LCA) identified three classes: a large normative group, a small drug-involved group, and a criminal-justice-invo...
31 CitationsSource
#1Josiah D. Rich (Brown University)H-Index: 62
#2Redonna K. Chandler (NIDA: National Institute on Drug Abuse)H-Index: 13
Last. Bruce Western (Harvard University)H-Index: 54
view all 15 authors...
Provisions of the Affordable Care Act offer new opportunities to apply a public health and medical perspective to the complex relationship between involvement in the criminal justice system and the existence of fundamental health disparities. Incarceration can cause harm to individual and community health, but prisons and jails also hold enormous potential to play an active and beneficial role in the health care system and, ultimately, to improving health. Traditionally, incarcerated populations...
56 CitationsSource
127k Citations
#1Brandon Nakawaki (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 5
#2William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 53
Abstract This study sought to distinguish among adolescents who were persistent, non-persistent, or recent onset nonmedical users of prescription opioids and stimulants (respondents' ages ranged from 12–17 years, N = 126,764). The multinomial logistic regression analyses of combined data from the 2003 through 2009 National Survey of Drug Use and Health were used to investigate the association of respondents' sex, age, family income, race, parental status, population density, and user status (per...
31 CitationsSource
#1Michael G. Vaughn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 73
#2Matt DeLisi (Iowa State University)H-Index: 71
Last. Arnelyn Abdon (UPM: University of the Philippines Manila)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
This study explicitly articulates a criminal justice epidemiology by examining the behavioral and physical health of probationers and parolees derived from a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States.
59 CitationsSource
#1Amy Jo Harzke (UTMB: University of Texas Medical Branch)H-Index: 11
#2Jacques Baillargeon (UTMB: University of Texas Medical Branch)H-Index: 50
Last. Michael F. KelleyH-Index: 5
view all 6 authors...
Given the rapid growth and aging of the US prison population in recent years, the disease profile and health care needs of inmates portend to have far-reaching public health implications. Although numerous studies have examined infectious disease prevalence and treatment in incarcerated populations, little is known about the prevalence of non-infectious chronic medical conditions in US prison populations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected non-infectious chronic...
72 CitationsSource
#1Ingrid A. Binswanger (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 36
#2Patrick M. KruegerH-Index: 30
Last. John F. SteinerH-Index: 72
view all 3 authors...
Background: Despite growing inmate populations in the USA, inmates are excluded from most national health surveys and little is known about whether the prevalence of chronic disease differs between inmates and the non-institutionalised population. Methods: Nationally representative, cross-sectional data from the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails, 2004 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities and 2002–4 National Health Interview Survey Sample Adult Files on individuals a...
404 CitationsSource
Cited By3
#1Amanda Emerson (UMKC: University of Missouri–Kansas City)H-Index: 3
#2Ashlyn Lipnicky (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 2
Last. Patricia J. Kelly (Thomas Jefferson University)H-Index: 22
view all 4 authors...
PURPOSE The USA outpaces most other countries in the world in the rates at which it incarcerates its citizens. The one million women held in US jails and prisons on any day in the USA face many physical health challenges, yet interventional work to address physical health in carceral settings is rare. This study's purpose was to summarize the literature on programs and interventions implemented with women in US carceral settings (jail or prison) that primarily addressed a physical health issue o...
#1Meghan A. Novisky (CSU: Cleveland State University)H-Index: 6
#2Kathryn M. Nowotny (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 11
Last. Michael G. Vaughn (SLU: Saint Louis University)H-Index: 73
view all 5 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jorim J. Tielbeek (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 7
#2Brian B. Boutwell (UMMC: University of Mississippi Medical Center)H-Index: 24
A widely replicated finding across the behavioral sciences is that antisocial behaviors correlate with an array of health problems. Less clear, however, is the precise nature of this association. There is reason to suspect that a direct causal link exists between incarceration-a consequence of some antisocial behaviors-and certain negative health outcomes, for instance. However, it might be the case that broader phenotypes like antisocial behavior may correlate with certain health and physiologi...