Exploring multicultural classroom dynamics: A network analysis.

Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of School Psychology
· DOI :10.1016/J.JSP.2019.02.003
Ceren Su Abacioglu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UvA: University of Amsterdam),
Adela-Maria Isvoranu6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
+ 2 AuthorsSacha Epskamp33
Estimated H-index: 33
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
Abstract Students' relationships with peers and teachers strongly influence their motivation to engage in learning activities. Ethnic minority students, however, are often victimized in schools, and their educational achievement lags behind that of their majority group counterparts. The aim of the present study was to explore teachers' multicultural approach within their classrooms as a possible factor of influence over students' peer relationships and motivation. We utilized the novel methodology of estimating psychological networks in order to map out the interactions between these constructs within multicultural classrooms. Results indicate that a multicultural approach is directly connected to student motivation for both ethnic majority and minority students. Social integration within peer groups, however, seems to be a possible mediator of this relationship for the ethnic minority students. Due to the hypothesis generating nature of the psychological network approach, a more thorough investigation of this generated mediation hypothesis is called for.
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