Implementation of solidification/stabilization process to reduce hazardous impurities and stabilize soil matrices

Published on Dec 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1051/E3SCONF/20199601003
Auchib Reza1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland),
Saifa Anzum2
Estimated H-index: 2
(BUET: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology)
+ 2 AuthorsMd. Habibur Rahman15
Estimated H-index: 15
(BUET: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology)
Sources
Abstract
A wide variety of technologies is available for the treatment of contaminated soil in both the vadose zone (originating above the water table) and saturated zone (originating below the water table). Several processes involve immobilizing soil contaminants by physically, chemically or biologically. Among them, a wide range of wastes, both solids and liquids, are being treated by “solidification/stabilization” (S/S). In solidification, by adding binding reagents, physical state of the waste being changed by encapsulating a waste to form a solid material from liquid as well as to restrict contaminant migration to leaching by decreasing the exposed surface area. Whereas stabilization through chemical reactions immobilizes the hazardous materials by reducing them to less soluble or toxic form. Characteristics of different types of reagents/additives of S/S technology both from inorganic and organic origin are presented in this paper. In-situ and ex-situ application of S/S technology and their advantages-disadvantages are discussed with basic approaches. Finally, introducing with internal and external factors influencing the long-term durability of S/S treated materials as well as monitoring & treatment management of it after processing are briefly presented
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Abstract Synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) is an efficient and environment-friendly material for the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. However, the application of conventional HA powder in stabilizing contaminated soils is limited, due to high cost of final products, difficulties in synthesizing purified HA crystals. A new binder named SPC, which composes of single superphosphate (SSP) and calcium oxide (CaO), is presented as an alternative in this study. HA can form in the soil matrix ...
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Decontamination of hazardous discards by immobilization of toxic components is a longstanding approach for managing waste, while it gained much attention in recent years due to the increasing number of statutes and regulations favouring the technology. The solidification/stabilization (S/S) technique is the commonly adopted immobilization option to treat the contaminated soils, which employ additives to convert the hazardous waste to non-hazardous mass in accordance with the legitimate landfill ...
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Abstract In hazardous waste management, solidification/stabilization (S/S) is a term normally used to designate a technology employing additives to alter hazardous waste to make it non-hazardous or acceptable for current land disposal requirements. The use of this technology to treat hazardous waste may become more important as regulations restrict the use of land for disposing of hazardous waste. This paper reviews the technology and provides information to help assess its potential role in man...
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