A micro-scale approach to ethnic minority concentration in the residential environment and voting for the radical right in the Netherlands

Published on Aug 1, 2019in European Sociological Review
· DOI :10.1093/ESR/JCZ018
Heleen J. Janssen8
Estimated H-index: 8
(TU Delft: Delft University of Technology),
Maarten van Ham40
Estimated H-index: 40
(St And: University of St Andrews)
+ 1 AuthorsJaap Nieuwenhuis10
Estimated H-index: 10
(ZJU: Zhejiang University)
Sources
Abstract
Existing empirical research on the link between ethnic minority concentration in residential environments and voting for the radical right is inconclusive, mainly due to major differences between studies in the spatial scale at which minority concentration is measured. We examined whether the presence of non-western ethnic minorities in the residential environment, measured at four spatial scales, is related to individuals’ intention to vote for the Dutch Party for Freedom (Dutch acronym PVV). We combined individual level survey data and register data, and we used multi-level structural equation models to examine possible mediation by anti-immigrant attitudes and political dissatisfaction. The models show different effects at different scales. At the micro scale (100 by 100 meter grids) we find a curvilinear effect: individuals with 30–50 per cent non-western minorities in their direct living environment are most likely to report to vote for the PVV. At higher spatial scales (up to municipal level) we find that the higher the proportion of non-western minorities, the more likely individuals are to report to vote for the PVV. These effects can however not be explained by anti-immigrant attitudes or political dissatisfaction. We even find that at the micro scale the presence of non-western minorities is related to less anti-immigrant attitudes.
Download
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2013
6 Citations
233 Citations
References42
Newest
#1E.A. Lisanne de Blok (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 1
#2Tom van der Meer (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 18
Theory predicts that voting behaviour is affected by voters’ residential environments, but empirically, results are anything but conclusive. Two key problems cause these mixed outcomes: first, most studies have relied on aggregate level data, risking ecological fallacies and overestimation of contextual effects. Second, the literature has relied almost exclusively on the test of effects rather than mechanisms. As a consequence, the presumed causal mechanisms are theoretically underdeveloped and ...
6 CitationsSource
#1Maarten van Ham (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 40
#2Sanne Boschman (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
Last. Matt Vogel (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
Studies of neighbourhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighbourhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research and it has been repeatedly argued that estimates of neighbourhood effects are biased as people non-randomly select into neighbourhoods based on their preferences, income, and the availability of alternative housing. We propose a two-step framework to help disent...
11 CitationsSource
#1Merle Zwiers (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Maarten van Ham (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 40
Last. David Manley (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Western cities are increasingly ethnically diverse, and in most cities, the share of the population belonging to an ethnic minority is growing. Studies analysing changing ethnic geographies often limit their analysis to changes in ethnic concentrations in neighbourhoods between 2 points in time. Such a temporally limited approach limits our understanding of pathways of ethnic neighbourhood change and of the underlying factors contributing to change. This paper analyses full trajectories of neigh...
10 CitationsSource
#1M.J. SavelkoulH-Index: 6
#2Joran LamérisH-Index: 4
Last. Jochem TolsmaH-Index: 16
view all 3 authors...
Support for radical right parties has grown rapidly in many Western countries over the past few decades. In recent years, many studies have addressed the relationship between the presence of ethnic minorities in people's living environment and their support for a radical right party, but consensus is hard to find as to how ethnic minority density is related to support for the radical right, let alone why. In this contribution, we demonstrate that in The Netherlands, ethnic minority density is po...
22 CitationsSource
#1Per Strömblad (LNU: Linnaeus University)H-Index: 7
#2Bo Malmberg (Stockholm University)H-Index: 27
This paper provides evidence of segregation-generated differences in political recruitment. Focusing on social-geographical differentiation in the urban landscape, we evaluate—in prior work largely neglected—contextual effects on requests for political participation. Consistent with previous research, our analyses suggest that political activists, who try to convince others to participate, systematically use a set of selection criteria when deciding whom to approach. However, using data based on...
11 CitationsSource
#1Eva G. T. Green (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 23
#2Oriane Sarrasin (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 13
Last. Nicole Fasel (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
This study examines the interplay between presence of stigmatized immigrants, threat, and intergroup contact that underlies radical right voting (voting propensity and actual district-level vote results). On the one hand, low-status immigrants are often stigmatized and depicted as threats. Thus, presence of stigmatized immigrants should heighten threat perceptions, thereby increasing radical right voting. On the other hand, as positive contact with stigmatized immigrants is known to reduce anti-...
45 CitationsSource
#1Daniel Stockemer (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 21
Targeting immigrants as a threat to employment, security and cultural cohesion, the radical right has averaged 10 percent of the vote in elections. What drives this vote? Are voters affected by the numbers of foreign‐born individuals in a geographical region, by negative perceptions about immigrants, or both? In this article, I entertain the possibility that it is not the number of foreigners but citizens’ perceptions about immigrants that explain individuals’ tendencies to vote for the radical ...
41 CitationsSource
#1Maarten van Ham (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 40
#2Tiit Tammaru (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 28
The term segregation has a strong connotation with residential neighbourhoods, and most studies investigating ethnic segregation focus on the urban mosaic of ethnic concentrations in residential neighbourhoods. However, there is now a small, but growing, literature, which focusses on segregation in other domains of daily life where inter-ethnic encounters and social interaction might take place, such as: workplaces; family/partner relationship; leisure time; education; transport, and virtual dom...
43 CitationsSource
We argue that residential exposure to ethnic diversity reduces social trust. Previous within-country analyses of the relationship between contextual ethnic diversity and trust have been conducted a...
130 CitationsSource
#1T. van der Meer (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 9
#2Jochem Tolsma (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 16
Recent years have seen a sharp increase in empirical studies on the constrict claim: the hypothesized detrimental effect of ethnic diversity on most if not all aspects of social cohesion. Studies have scrutinized effects of different measures of ethnic heterogeneity in different geographical areas on different forms of social cohesion. The result has been a cacophony of empirical findings. We explicate mechanisms likely to underlie the negative relationship between ethnic heterogeneity and socia...
210 CitationsSource
Cited By9
Newest
#1Elisa Deiss-Helbig (University of Stuttgart)H-Index: 2
#2Uwe Remer (University of Stuttgart)
Source
#1Eelco Harteveld (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 8
#2Wouter van der Brug (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 32
Last. Tom van der Meer (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Twan Huijsmans (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 1
#2Eelco Harteveld (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 8
Last. Bram Lancee (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Many scholars and pundits have argued that there is a growing urban-rural divide in political attitudes in the US and Europe. However, it is an empirical question whether and how differences in political attitudes between urban and rural areas have changed over time. In this study, we investigate the urban-rural divergence in cosmopolitan-nationalist attitudes in the Netherlands over the last four decades. We focus on attitudes towards issues of immigration, multiculturalism and Europea...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ricardo Iglesias-Pascual (Pablo de Olavide University)H-Index: 3
#2Virginia Paloma (University of Seville)H-Index: 10
Last. Isabel Benítez (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Up until the end of 2018, extreme right-wing parties and their anti-immigration discourse, now a common occurrence in other European countries, had not appeared on the Spanish political scene. However, in December of that year, the Spanish extreme right-wing party VOX reversed this trend and made significant electoral gains in the Andalusian regional elections. This phenomenon has led us to analyse, in this study, the role played by contextual factors (i.e., out-group size, territorial ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jochem Tolsma (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 16
#2Joran Laméris (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 4
Last. M.J. Savelkoul (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
As a result of the 2015 refugee crisis, a substantial number of voters experienced a sudden and unexpected influx of asylum seekers in their neighbourhood in the Netherlands. We examined whether and why local exposure to asylum seekers leads to more support for the radical right (i.e. PVV). Our analyses are based on a longitudinal individual-level panel dataset including more than 19,000 respondents (1VOP) who were interviewed just before and shortly after the height of the refugee crisis. We en...
2 CitationsSource
#1Lucinda PlattH-Index: 25
#2Gundi KniesH-Index: 13
Last. Michaela BenzevalH-Index: 38
view all 5 authors...
Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) has now been collecting a range of data from its nationally representative sample of participants for 10 years. This significant ‘birthday’ offers a moment to reflect on its contribution to sociological research, and on its current and future potential for fundamental and cutting-edge sociological analysis. While the study shares many features with other longer-standing household panel studies, including its direct predecessor th...
6 CitationsSource
Last. Lena de Botton (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Abstract In 1997, the authorities of Vic, a municipality with one of the highest immigration rates in Spain, implemented a programme called the Vic Model, which was a plan for the geographical redistribution or desegregation of immigrant students. The aim of the programme was to avoid the concentration or segregation of immigrants, which was defined as a problem, and to thereby dilute ethnic and cultural differences. According to scientific research, implementing such measures intensifies xenoph...
Source
#1Federico Benassi (National Institute of Statistics)H-Index: 8
#2Ricardo Iglesias-Pascual (Pablo de Olavide University)H-Index: 3
Last. Luca Salvati (University of Macerata)H-Index: 64
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Studies on residential segregation of foreign population in Southern Europe usually focus on capital cities, omitting the metropolitan dimension and paying less attention to use of comparable analysis’ spatial scales. These issues, together with the dominant use of two-group segregation indexes, prevent identification and classification of metropolitan patterns of residential segregation in such contexts. To overcome these key issues, the spatial segregation of foreign population in 16 ...
4 CitationsSource
Resume Cet article souleve la question de la relation entre la probabilite d'occurrence des infractions racistes et les caracteristiques sociodemographiques du territoire. Il s'agit d'abord de faire un etat des lieux de la litterature etasunienne et britannique sur la spatialisation des actes racistes en degageant trois poles (surdetermination des variables economiques, des variables demographiques, et combinaison des variables economiques et demographiques) et une serie d'hypotheses (pouvoir me...
Source