Bleeding Complications and Clinical Safety of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Published on May 1, 2019in Yonsei Medical Journal1.914
· DOI :10.3349/YMJ.2019.60.5.440
Ji Yeon Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Yonsei University),
Hee Seung Lee14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Yonsei University)
+ 4 AuthorsSeungmin Bang29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Yonsei University)
PURPOSE: Patients with liver cirrhosis are considered to be at risk for additional adverse events during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The present study was designed as a propensity-score matched analysis to investigate whether cirrhotic liver increases the risk of bleeding complications in patients undergoing ERCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 8554 patients who underwent ERCP from January 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. To adjust for the imbalance between patients with and those without liver cirrhosis, 1:3 propensity score matching was performed according to age and sex. RESULTS: Liver cirrhosis was identified in 264 (3.1%) patients. After propensity score matching, a total of 768 patients were included in each of the cirrhotic (n=192) and non-cirrhotic groups (n=576). Post-procedure bleeding (10.9% vs. 4.7%, p=0.003) was more frequently observed in patients with liver cirrhosis than in those without. In multivariate analyses, liver cirrhosis was identified as an independent risk factor associated with post-ERCP bleeding (p=0.003) after further adjustment for prothrombin time, antiplatelet/coagulant, duration of ERCP, and stent insertion. Child-Pugh (CP) class C was found to be associated with an increased incidence of post-ERCP bleeding in patients with cirrhosis (odds ratio 6.144, 95% confidence interval 1.320-28.606; p=0.021). CONCLUSION: The incidence of post-ERCP bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis was higher than that in patients without liver cirrhosis. In particular, CP class C cirrhosis was significantly associated with post-ERCP bleeding.
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Background and aims Given the limited data on the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with liver cirrhosis, we attempted to evaluate this question using a large national database. Methods We conducted a matched case – control study using the 2010 National Inpatient Sample database in which four non-cirrhotic controls were matched randomly for every cirrhotic patient from the same 10-year age group. We compared adverse events and safety of inpatient ERCP be...
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There are limited data regarding the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in cirrhosis. The current literature consists of small series totalling less than 225 patients.Retrospective matched cohort study of the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for 2009. We compared adverse events of cirrhotic patients who underwent ERCP (n = 1930) with a matched control group that consisted of randomly selected non-cirrhotic patients who underwent ERCP (n = 5790). An additional control ...
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Background There is minimal objective data regarding adverse events related to endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) in patients with cirrhosis compared to those without cirrhosis and even fewer data comparing complications among cirrhosis patients based on severity of cirrhosis. Aim To determine if patients with cirrhosis are at increased risk of adverse events related to ERCP: mainly pancreatitis, bleeding, perforation, cholangitis, and mortality; And to see if higher Child-Pu...
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