TGF-β1-stimulation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 expression by down-regulation of miR-203a-5p in rat osteoblasts

Published on Jul 1, 2019in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules5.162
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2019.04.003
S. Saiganesh2
Estimated H-index: 2
R. Saathvika2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 4 AuthorsNagarajan Selvamurugan59
Estimated H-index: 59
Abstract Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic and ubiquitous cytokine involved in bone development and bone remodeling. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP13) plays a role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), and the regulation of this gene is critical in bone remodeling. We previously reported that TGF-β1 stimulates MMP13 expression in rat osteoblasts. Recently, studies have examined the regulation of bone metabolism by microRNAs (miRNAs) to determine their therapeutic potential in osteogenesis. Here, we assessed the effect of TGF-β1 on down-regulation of miRNAs that target MMP13 and stimulation of MMP13 expression in osteoblasts. We used in silico analysis and identified 11 specific miRNAs which directly target rat MMP13. Among these miRNAs, miR-203a-5p expression was significantly decreased by TGF-β1-treatment in rat osteoblasts. Transient transfection of a miR-203a-5p mimic into rat osteoblasts reduced MMP13 expression. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed a direct targeting of miR-miR-203a-5p with the 3′ untranslated regions of the MMP13 gene. Hence, we suggest that TGF-β1 stimulated down-regulation of miR-203a-5p, resulting in the stimulation of MMP13 expression in rat osteoblasts. Thus, identification of the role of miR-203a-5p via TGF-β1 and MMP13 in bone remodeling indicated its potential as a biomarker or therapeutic agent for treating bone and bone-related diseases.
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