Metalloproteinases TACE and MMP-9 Differentially Regulate Death Factors on Adult and Neonatal Monocytes After Infection with Escherichia coli.

Published on Mar 20, 2019in International Journal of Molecular Sciences5.924
· DOI :10.3390/IJMS20061399
Stephan Dreschers7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Boston Children's Hospital),
Christopher Platen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Boston Children's Hospital)
+ 3 AuthorsThorsten W. Orlikowsky16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Boston Children's Hospital)
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Abstract
Background: Cleaving ligands and receptors of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily can critically regulate the induction of apoptosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-9 and tumor necrosis factor-α-converting enzyme (TACE) have been shown to cleave CD95-Ligand (CD95L) and TNF/(TNF receptor-1) TNFR1 which induce phagocytosis induced cell death (PICD) in adult monocytes. This process is reduced in neonatal monocytes. Methods: Here we tested in vitro, whether Escherichia coli infection mounts for activation of MMP-9 and TACE in monocytes and whether this process regulates PICD. Results: The surface expression of TACE was most prominent on infected adult monocytes. In contrast, surface presentation of MMP-9 was highest on infected neonatal monocytes. Selective blocking of MMP-9 decreased CD95L secretion, while inhibition of TACE left CD95L secretion unaltered. Blocking of MMP-9 increased surface CD95L (memCD95L) expression on infected neonatal monocytes to levels comparable to infected adult monocytes. Moreover, MMP-9 inhibition raised PICD of infected neonatal monocytes to levels observed for infected adult monocytes. In contrast, TACE inhibition decreased PICD in infected monocytes. Addition of extracellular TNF effectively induced memCD95L presentation and PICD of adult monocytes and less of neonatal monocytes. Conclusion: MMP-9 activity is crucial for downregulating cell-contact dependent PICD in E. coli infected neonatal monocytes. By this mechanism, MMP-9 could contribute to reducing sustained inflammation in neonates.
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#1Stephan Dreschers (Boston Children's Hospital)H-Index: 7
#2Christian GilleH-Index: 17
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Phagocytosis-induced cell death (PICD) is diminished in cord blood monocytes (CBMO) as compared to cells from adults (PBMO) due to differences in the CD95-pathway. This may support a prolonged pro-inflammatory response with sequels of sustained inflammation as seen in neonatal sepsis. Here we hypothesized that TNF-α mediated induction of apoptosis is impaired in CBMO due to differences in the TNFR1-dependent internalization. Monocytes were infected with Escherichia coli-GFP (E. coli-GFP). Monocy...
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