Surface modification of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels with polydopamine and REDV for improved applicability.

Published on Jan 1, 2020in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B2.831
· DOI :10.1002/JBM.B.34371
Yufen Wu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Donghua University),
Chenglong Yu6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Donghua University)
+ 2 AuthorsGuoping Guan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Donghua University)
: Developing a small-diameter vascular graft with a satisfactory performance in terms of mechanical and biological properties remains a challenging issue because of comprehensive requirements from clinical applications. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels exhibit many desirable characteristics for small-diameter vascular grafts because of their tunable mechanical properties, especially high compliance. However, poor cells adhesion hinders their application for endothelialization in situ. Therefore, in the present work, polydopamine (PDA) and tetrapeptide Arg-Glu-Asp-Val (REDV) were used to functionalize the hydrogels surface and improve cells adhesion. A series of characterizations were systematically conducted to examine the applicability of coated hydrogels to small-diameter vascular grafts. Results showed that bare and coated hydrogels have appropriate structural stability, and no significant differences in tensile properties could be found after being coated with PDA or PDA-REDV. The hydrophilicity of the hydrogels decreased with the coatings of PDA and especially PDA-REDV to improve protein adsorption, porcine iliac artery endothelial cells (PIECs) adhesion, viability, proliferation, and spreading on the hydrogels. Lower hemolysis percentages and higher blood clotting index values were attained for the hydrogels, suggesting their satisfactory hemocompatibility. Overall, the present work provided insights into the development of a novel hydrogel-based small-diameter vascular graft. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 108B:117-127, 2020.
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