Allogenic endothelial progenitor cell transplantation increases flap survival through an upregulation of eNOs and VEGF on venous flap survival in rabbits.

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery2.39
· DOI :10.1016/J.BJPS.2018.12.042
Zeyuan Jin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WMU: Wenzhou Medical College),
Chenglun Yao4
Estimated H-index: 4
(WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
+ 4 AuthorsHede Yan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
Sources
Abstract
Summary Background Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are one type of bone marrow hematopoietic stromal cells which play a vital role in neovascularization and tissue repair. In this study, we investigated whether EPCs promote flap survival in a rabbit venous model. Materials and methods EPCs were customized from CHI Scientific, Inc, China. Thirty-six rabbits were randomly assigned to either the sham group (n = 12), the control group (n = 12) or the EPC transplantation group (n = 12). A 10 × 6 cm venous flap was created on the rabbit abdomen. Both the EPC transplantation and control groups had the same volume of EPCs–PBS (phosphate buffered saline) and PBS on postoperative day 1. Flap survival, blood flow, histopathology, expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOs) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) were detected on postoperative day 10. Results Cellular immunofluorescence assay positively confirmed that the EPCs were undergoing differentiation. The survival rate of the flap in the EPC transplantation group was 58.4 ± 7.1%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (4.8 ± 3.4%) (p Conclusion This study demonstrated that EPC transplantation improved venous flap survival in rabbits. The present findings may provide insight into the promotion of venous flap survival in clinical practice in the future.
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