Dengue diagnosis in an endemic area of Peru: Clinical characteristics and positive frequencies by RT-PCR and serology for NS1, IgM, and IgG

Published on Apr 1, 2019in International Journal of Infectious Diseases3.202
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJID.2019.01.022
Carlos Palomares-Reyes5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UPC: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas),
Wilmer Silva-Caso9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Museo Nacional Del Prado)
+ 10 AuthorsJuana del Valle-Mendoza10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UPC: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Background Huanuco is a central eastern region of Peru whose geography includes high forest and low jungle, as well as a mountain range that constitutes the inter-Andean valleys. It is considered a region endemic for dengue due to the many favorable conditions that facilitate transmission of the virus. Methods A total of 268 serum samples from patients in Huanuco, Peru with an acute febrile illness were assessed for the presence of dengue virus (DENV) via RT-PCR and NS1, IgM, and IgG ELISA during December 2015 and March 2016. Results DENV was detected in 25% of samples via RT-PCR, 19% of samples by NS1 antigen ELISA, and 10.5% of samples by IgM ELISA. DENV IgG was detected in 15.7% of samples by ELISA. The most frequent symptoms associated with fever across all groups were headache, myalgia, and arthralgia, with no significant difference between the four test methods Conclusions In this study, DENV was identified in up to 25% of the samples using the standard laboratory method. In addition, a correlation was established between the frequency of positive results and the serological tests that determine NS1, IgM, and IgG. There is an increasing need for point-of-care tests to strengthen epidemiological surveillance in Peru.
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