Anomalous relation between in-plane and out-of-plane stiffnesses in 2D networked materials

Published on Jan 14, 2019in arXiv: Applied Physics
· DOI :10.1016/J.EML.2020.100658
Fei Pan12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Feng Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsBin Liu85
Estimated H-index: 85
Sources
Abstract
For thin networked materials, which are spatial discrete structures constructed by continuum components, a paradox on the effective thickness defined by the in-plane and out-of-plane stiffnesses is found, i.e. the effective thickness is not a constant but varies with loading modes. To reveal the mechanism underneath the paradox, we have established a micromechanical framework to investigate the deformation mechanism and predict the stiffness matrix of the networked materials. It is revealed that the networked materials can carry in-plane loads by axial stretching/compression of the components in the networks and resist out-of-plane loading by bending and torsion of the components. The bending deformation of components has a corresponding relation to the axial stretching/compression through the effective thickness, as the continuum plates do, while the torsion deformation has no relation to the axial stretching/compression. The isolated torsion deformation breaks the classical stiffness relation between the in-plane stiffness and the out-of-plane stiffness, which can even be further distorted by the stiffness threshold effect in randomly networked materials. Accordingly, a new formula is summarized to describe the anomalous stiffness relation. This network model can also apply in atomic scale 2D nanomaterials when combining with the molecular structural mechanics model. This work gives an insight into the understanding of the mechanical properties of discrete materials/structures ranging from atomic scale to macro scale.
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