Can nanoparticle toughen fiber-reinforced thermosetting polymers?

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Materials Science4.22
路 DOI :10.1007/S10853-018-03195-9
Kunwei Liu8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Christopher W. Macosko98
Estimated H-index: 98
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Sources
Abstract
Many tougheners have been developed for thermosetting resins. Numerous studies indicate that the mode-I fracture toughness of a thermosetting resin (GIC_Resin) can be effectively enhanced by rubber tougheners such as liquid rubber and core鈥搒hell rubber, and inorganic rigid particles such as silica, clay, carbon nanotubes, or graphene. Can these additives also toughen fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs)? In particular, can they improve the mode-I interlaminar fracture toughness of FRPs (GIC_Comp)? To answer how much toughness improvement is transferred from resin to FRPs, we reviewed data from more than 50 publications related to interlaminar toughening. The performance of various types of tougheners in the resin and/or FRPs is summarized, and toughening mechanisms are also discussed. We found a wide range of improvement in fracture toughness in FRPs with the addition of nanoparticles, from negative improvement in some silica and carbon particle studies to an improvement ratio equal to that achieved in the resin. Overall, rubber tougheners are the most effective tougheners, but on average, only about 30% of the relative improvement in resin toughness translated to GIC_Comp increase. The enhancement in GIC_Comp after incorporating rigid particles tougheners is even less, but rigid particles do not decrease the strength and modulus of the final FRPs. Other toughening strategies, such as using multiple types of tougheners, and coating or depositing nanoparticle onto the fiber reinforcements are also discussed, and we suggest some strategies to design FRPs with optimal delamination resistance.
馃摉 Papers frequently viewed together
References86
Newest
#1Kunwei Liu (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 8
#2Siyao He (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 9
Last. Christopher W. Macosko (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 98
view all 6 authors...
Source
#1Misaq Kermansaravi (Tafresh University)H-Index: 1
#2Mohammad Hossein Pol (Tafresh University)H-Index: 5
In this research, a small quantity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes was used in order to enhance the IFT and the tensile properties of glass fiber/epoxy composite laminates. For this purpose, the nanocomposite samples, which have 18 fiber-glass plain-weave layers were manufactured. The epoxy resin system is made of Epon828 resin with Epikure F205 as the hardener. The MWCNTs modified with hydroxide (-COOH) is also dispersed into the epoxy system as a reinforcement in a 0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1聽wt%. In a...
Source
#1Luc PetersH-Index: 1
This paper describes a major component of glass fibre reinforcements, the sizing, and its impact on mechanical properties of epoxy or polyester laminates. First the basics of the glass fibre manufacturing process and the types of silanes used for direct rovings are briefly described. The important feature of these coatings is that they can be affected by storage conditions. The study focuses on the effect of roving storage time, temperature and humidity as well as packaging type on the fibre/mat...
Source
#1Nadiim Domun (KUL: Kingston University)H-Index: 5
#2Keith R. Paton (National Physical Laboratory)H-Index: 14
Last. Tao Zhang (KUL: Kingston University)H-Index: 18
view all 6 authors...
In this work the fracture toughness of epoxy resin has been improved through the addition of low loading of single part and hybrid nanofiller materials. Functionalised multi-walled carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNTs) was used as single filler, increased the critical strain energy release rate, GIC, by 57% compared to the neat epoxy, at only 0.1 wt% filler content. Importantly, no degradation in the tensile or thermal properties of the nanocomposite was observed compared to the neat epoxy. When two-dimen...
Source
#1M. S. Chaudhry (York University)H-Index: 2
#2Aleksander Czekanski (York University)H-Index: 17
Last. Zheng H. Zhu (York University)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Abstract In this study, the effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the Mode I Interlaminar fracture toughness or the strain energy release rate of woven carbon fiber reinforced composites has been investigated and characterized by double cantilever beam tests. The CNTs were uniformly dispatched on the surface of woven carbon fiber prepregs with the CNT loading ranging from 0鈥4.0鈥痝/m 2 by an increment of 0.5鈥痝/m 2 . The prepregs were then layered and cured with an out-of-autoclave proc...
Source
#1Andreas KlinglerH-Index: 4
#2Liubov SorochynskaH-Index: 1
Last. Bernd WetzelH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Declan Carolan (Imperial College London)H-Index: 16
#2Alojz Ivankovic (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 26
Last. Ambrose C. Taylor (Imperial College London)H-Index: 42
view all 5 authors...
In the current work, the microstructure and fracture performance of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites based upon matrices of an anhydride-cured epoxy resin (formulated with a reactive diluent), and containing silica nanoparticles and/or polysiloxane core鈥搒hell rubber (CSR) nanoparticles, were investigated. Double cantilever beam tests were performed in order to determine the interlaminar fracture energy of the CFRP composites, while the single-edge-notched bend specimen was emplo...
Source
#1Saman Menbari (SRTTU: Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University)H-Index: 4
#2Alireza Ashori (Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology)H-Index: 59
Last. Reza Bahrami (Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology)H-Index: 4
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Graphene oxide (GO) was functionalized using three different diamines, namely ethylenediamine (EDA), 4,4鈥-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS) and p -phenylenediamine (PPD) to reinforce an epoxy/glass fiber (EP/GF) composite laminate, with the aim of improving the overall composite mechanical performance. Different mechanical characterization techniques were used to determine the mechanical performance, including: tensile stress strain, double cantilever beam (DCB) mode-I fracture toughness an...
Source
#1Shamsiah Awang Ngah (Imperial College London)H-Index: 2
#2Ambrose C. Taylor (Imperial College London)H-Index: 42
Abstract The fracture energies of glass fibre composites with an anhydride-cured epoxy matrix modified using core鈥搒hell rubber (CSR) particles and silica nanoparticles were investigated. The quasi-isotropic laminates with a central 0掳/0掳 ply interface were produced using resin infusion. Mode I fracture tests were performed, and scanning electron microscopy of the fracture surfaces was used to identify the toughening mechanisms. The composite toughness at initiation increased approximately linear...
Source
#1Carlos V. Opelt (UDESC: Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 9
#2Daniela Becker (UDESC: Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 16
Last. Luiz A. F. Coelho (UDESC: Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The addition of nanoparticles has been reported as an option to increase the fracture toughness of thermosetting polymers without compromising the stiffness. In this paper, alumina or carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in three different concentrations, were dispersed in an epoxy resin. Mechanical properties were measured through tensile test and the results indicate increases for all nanocomposites, with a maximum for the addition of 0.5% of CNTs (17% in elastic modulus and 22% in ultimate stres...
Source
Cited By11
Newest
#1O臒uzcan 陌nalH-Index: 3
#2K.B. KatnamH-Index: 17
Last. Constantinos SoutisH-Index: 53
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Chen Guan (GUET: Guilin University of Electronic Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Chuanguo Ma (GUET: Guilin University of Electronic Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Dai Peibang (GUET: Guilin University of Electronic Technology)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Abstract null null The toughening of epoxy resin (EP) and the interlaminar toughening of carbon fiber reinforced composite (CF/EP) laminates have been widely concerned. In this work, the needle-like 纬-FeOOH nanoparticles were prepared by liquid phase deposition-air oxidation method, and then were calcined under different conditions to obtain 纬-FeOOH and 纬-Fe2O3 hybrid nanoparticles (纬-FeOOH@Fe2O3). Effect of calcination condition of 纬-FeOOH@Fe2O3 and magnetic field assistance on fracture toughne...
Source
#1Ali Gharieh (UI: University of Isfahan)H-Index: 6
#2Mobina Moghadas (UI: University of Isfahan)H-Index: 1
Last. Mohammadreza Pourghasem (UI: University of Isfahan)H-Index: 1
view all 0 authors...
Source
#1Junwei Lv (Sichuan University)H-Index: 2
#2Yushang Liu (Sichuan University)H-Index: 2
Last. Xiangyang Liu (Sichuan University)H-Index: 28
view all 10 authors...
Abstract High strength and toughness seems like intrinsic conflicts in mechanical properties of materials, including composites interfaces. To solve this problem, we constructed a hierarchically structured interphase in aramid composites via in-situ grafting and foaming of polyurea on fiber surface and penetrating epoxy resin into the pores. As differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and atomic force microscopic (AFM) confirmed, soft porous polyurea filled rigid resin matrix generated numerous c...
Source
#1Qihui Chen (North University of China)H-Index: 2
#2Zhiyuan Jiang (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 3
Last. Guizhe Zhao (North University of China)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Inspired by the wood sponge and lamellar structure, delignified wood was introduced into epoxy as a scaffold to improve its fracture toughness. By chemically removing lignin and hemicellulose from natural wood and subsequently freeze-drying, a delignified wood template with a grid-like structure was obtained. The isotropic and anisotropic bulk epoxy/delignified wood biocomposites with 8聽wt% delignified wood were prepared. The anisotropic biocomposite exhibits a KJC of 6.74聽MPa聽m1/2, 8.3...
Source
In this work, graphene derivatives obtained by a common chemical method and a novel physical route are evaluated as reinforcement nanomaterials on prepregs based on glass fiber and epoxy resin. Besides, two types of graphite were employed to obtain graphene derivatives, through the chemical route, and to evaluate the influence of their structure quality on the performance of the composite laminates prepared. All graphene derivatives were characterized by different techniques聽and specific structu...
Source
#1Dengxun Ren (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 8
#2Bo Li (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 2
Last. Xiaobo Liu (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China)H-Index: 52
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Wufeng Su (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 5
#2Xiaocheng Han (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 6
Last. Hongfeng Xie (NU: Nanjing University)H-Index: 25
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Core-shell rubber (CSR) has been widely applied in the improvement of the toughness for the brittle epoxy resin. In this study, an epoxy asphalt (EA) binder has been toughened by the inclusion of CSR nanoparticles with approximately 100鈥200聽nm in diameter. The incorporation of CSR nanoparticles significantly increased the viscosity of the pure EA during curing. Even with 5聽wt% CSR, the EA blend exhibited extremely long operational lifetime (more than 2.5聽h) for mixture pavements. The gl...
Source
#1Qihui Chen (North University of China)H-Index: 2
#2Surui Du (North University of China)H-Index: 1
Last. Guizhe Zhao (North University of China)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Source
#1Julia Hutschreuther (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 1
#2Raphael Kunz (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 4
Last. Volker Altst盲dt (University of Bayreuth)H-Index: 53
view all 4 authors...
Carbon-fiber-reinforced epoxies are frequently used for lightweight applications that require high mechanical properties. Still, there is potential regarding the improvement of the interlaminar-fracture toughness. As matrix toughening with nanoparticles is one possibility, in this study two different layered silicates are used to reinforce carbon fiber composites. The first type is a synthetical K-Hectorite (K-Hect) with outstanding lateral extension (6 碌m) that has shown high toughening ability...
Source
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.