Exon Skipping in a Dysf-Missense Mutant Mouse Model

Published on Dec 7, 2018in Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids7.032
· DOI :10.1016/J.OMTN.2018.08.013
Jakub Malcher1
Estimated H-index: 1
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Leonie Victoria Heidt1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 8 AuthorsVerena Schöwel5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MDC: Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine)
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2B (LGMD2B) is without treatment and caused by mutations in the dysferlin gene (DYSF). One-third is missense mutations leading to dysferlin aggregation and amyloid formation, in addition to defects in sarcolemmal repair and progressive muscle wasting. Dysferlin-null mouse models do not allow study of the consequences of missense mutations. We generated a new mouse model (MMex38) carrying a missense mutation in exon 38 in analogy to a clinically relevant human DYSF variant (DYSF p.Leu1341Pro). The targeted mutation induces all characteristics of missense mutant dysferlinopathy, including a progressive dystrophic pattern, amyloid formation, and defects in membrane repair. We chose U7 small nuclear RNA (snRNA)-based splice switching to demonstrate a possible exon-skipping strategy in this new animal model. We show that Dysf exons 37 and 38 can successfully be skipped in vivo. Overall, the MMex38 mouse model provides an ideal tool for preclinical development of treatment strategies for dysferlinopathy.
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