The Opioid Crisis in Rural and Small Town America

Published on Jan 1, 2018
· DOI :10.34051/P/2020.332
Shannon M. Monnat1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SU: Syracuse University),
Shannon M. Monnat19
Estimated H-index: 19
(SU: Syracuse University),
Khary K. Rigg14
Estimated H-index: 14
(USF: University of South Florida)
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BACKGROUND Syringe services programs (SSPs) are evidence-based interventions that provide essential overdose and infectious disease prevention resources to people who inject drugs (PWID). Little research has examined factors associated with sterile syringe acquisition at SSPs among rural PWID populations. OBJECTIVES We aim to identify factors associated with PWID in a rural county in West Virginia having recently acquired sterile syringes at an SSP. METHODS PWID (n = 420) completed a survey that...
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INTRODUCTION The use of illicit substances, including opioids, is a serious public health issue in the United States. While there are reports of the impact of the ongoing opioid crisis on adults, a new focus has emerged on how parental substance misuse (PSM) affects children. This study explored existing screening and assessment practices and services for children and families affected by PSM across different service sectors in one state. The purpose of the study was to identify opportunities fo...
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Prescription opioid misuse remains a serious public health concern in the United States. While considerable research attention is paid to this issue, a relatively small number of studies focus spec...
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PURPOSE While research has been done comparing rural/urban differences in opioid prescribing to the disabled Medicare Part D population, research on opioid prescribing among the aged Medicare Part D population is lacking. This study aims to fill this gap by exploring the predictors of opioid prescribing to aged Medicare Part D beneficiaries and investigating whether these predictors vary across rural and urban areas. METHODS This is an analysis of ZIP Codes in the continental United States (18,1...
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Disparities exist in the health, livelihood, and opportunities for the 46-60 million people living in America’s rural communities. Rural communities across the United States need a new energy and f...
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Abstract Political attention and media coverage concerning rising rates of opioid addiction and opioid-involved deaths in the United States have been critiqued for focusing almost exclusively on trends among whites. It remains unclear, however, if this “white-washing” of the opioid crisis has coincided with a shift in Americans’ stereotypes about who abuses opioids. Understanding these stereotypes is important because they can create or uphold larger structural barriers by impacting the ability ...
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: Background: With the rapid rise in opioid overdose-related deaths, state policy makers have expanded policies to increase the use of naloxone by emergency medical services (EMS). However, little is known about changes in EMS naloxone administration in the context of continued worsening of the opioid crisis and efforts to increase use of naloxone. This study examines trends in patient demographics and EMS response characteristics over time and by county urbanicity. Methods: We used data from th...
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