Cardioprotective effect of substance P in a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction.

Published on Nov 15, 2018in International Journal of Cardiology3.229
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJCARD.2018.05.113
Doo Sun Sim22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Chonnam National University),
Weon Kim19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Kyung Hee University)
+ 10 AuthorsMyung Ho Jeong67
Estimated H-index: 67
(Chonnam National University)
Abstract Background Substance P (SP) may attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury by reducing inflammation. We assessed cardioprotective effect of SP in a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods AMI was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending artery on 28 swine, randomized to SP 5 nmol/kg (group 1, n = 14) and normal saline (group 2, n = 14) given intravenously 5 min before reperfusion. Blood samples were collected at baseline, 3 days and 4 weeks. Echocardiography and myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed at 1 week and 4 weeks. Histomorphometric infarct size assessment was done at 4 weeks. Results Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) (LVEF) after AMI induction was higher in group 1 than group 2 (37.9 ± 4.6% vs. 29.4 ± 3.2%, p  = 0.001) but not different at 4 weeks. No significant difference was observed in perfusion defect extent and total perfusion defect on SPECT at 1 week and 4 weeks. Pathologic infarct size (% LV) was significantly smaller in group 1 than group 2 (2.4 ± 2.3% vs. 5.7 ± 2.5%, p  = 0.020). The ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte on day 3 and serum creatinine concentration at 4 weeks after AMI were lower in group 1. Conclusions In a porcine model of AMI, SP improved LVEF early post-MI and reduced infarct size. SP may be beneficial in reducing inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury after AMI.
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