NEFA-induced ROS impaired insulin signalling through the JNK and p38MAPK pathways in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine4.486
· DOI :10.1111/JCMM.13617
Wenwen Gao5
Estimated H-index: 5
(JLU: Jilin University),
Xiliang Du12
Estimated H-index: 12
(JLU: Jilin University)
+ 6 AuthorsXinwei Li23
Estimated H-index: 23
(JLU: Jilin University)
Sources
Abstract
: The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in hepatic oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes (COs) in patients and cows with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and to investigate the mechanism that links mitochondrial dysfunction and hepatic insulin resistance induced by non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs). Patients and cows with NASH displayed high blood NEFAs, TNF-α and IL-6 concentrations, mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance. The protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), mitofusin-2 (Mfn-2) and OXPHOS complexes (human: COI and COIII; cow: COI-IV) were significantly decreased in patients and cows with NASH. NEFA treatment significantly impaired mitochondrial function and, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and excessive ROS overactivated the JNK and p38MAPK pathways and induced insulin resistance in cow hepatocytes. PGC-1α and Mfn-2 overexpression significantly decreased the NEFA-induced ROS production and TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expressions, reversed the inhibitory effect of NEFAs on mitochondrial function and attenuated the overactivation of the ROS-JNK/p38MAPK pathway, alleviated insulin resistance induced by NEFAs in cow hepatocytes and HepG2 cells. These findings indicate that NEFAs induce mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance mediated by the ROS-JNK/p38MAPK pathway. PGC-1α or Mfn-2 overexpression reversed the lipotoxicity of NEFAs on mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance. Our study clarified the mechanism that links hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance in NASH.
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