Damage mechanism in austenitic steel during high temperature cyclic loading with dwells

Published on Aug 1, 2018in International Journal of Fatigue4.369
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJFATIGUE.2018.02.017
Roman Petráš8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Jaroslav Polák39
Estimated H-index: 39
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Austenitic stainless Sanicro 25 steel has been subjected to high temperature elasto-plastic cyclic straining at 700 °C. The isothermal cyclic tests without and with a dwell in the loading cycle were implemented. Several strain amplitudes and optional dwells of 10 min in tensile part of the loading cycle were applied to the specimens. Cyclic stress-strain response was recorded, cyclic hardening/softening curves and fatigue life curves were obtained. Scanning electron microscopy combined with focused ion beam allowed observing sections containing secondary cracks. They were used to identify the surface damage evolution. In order to investigate the internal damage the longitudinal cross sections parallel to the stress axis of the fatigued specimens were prepared. The crack paths and their relation to the grain and twin boundaries were studied by means of electron back scatter diffraction. Several distinct mechanisms of the crack initiation were found in both types of cyclic loading. The effect of the dwell in the loading cycles on fatigue life is discussed in relation to the surface and internal damage evolution.
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