Genome-wide identification of CDC34 that stabilizes EGFR and promotes lung carcinogenesis

Published on Jan 29, 2018in bioRxiv
· DOI :10.1101/255844
Xinxin Zhao18
Estimated H-index: 18
(USTC: University of Science and Technology of China),
Guole Wang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 11 AuthorsGuang-Biao Zhou34
Estimated H-index: 34
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
To systematically identify ubiquitin pathway genes that are critical to lung carcinogenesis, we used a genome-wide silencing method in this study to knockdown 696 genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. We identified 31 candidates that were required for cell proliferation in two NSCLC lines, among which the E2 ubiquitin conjugase CDC34 represented the most significant one. CDC34 was elevated in tumor tissues in 67 of 102 (65.7%) NSCLCs, and smokers had higher CDC34 than nonsmokers. The expression of CDC34 was inversely associated with overall survival of the patients. Forced expression of CDC34 promoted, whereas knockdown of CDC34 inhibited lung cancer in vitro and in vivo. CDC34 bound EGFR and competed with E3 ligase c-Cbl to inhibit the polyubiquitination and subsequent degradation of EGFR. In EGFR-L858R and EGFR-T790M/Del(exon 19)-driven lung cancer in mice, knockdown of CDC34 by lentivirus mediated transfection of short hairpin RNA significantly inhibited tumor formation. These results demonstrate that an E2 enzyme is capable of competing with E3 ligase to inhibit ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of oncoprotein substrate, and CDC34 represents an attractive therapeutic target for NSCLCs with or without drug-resistant EGFR mutations.
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