Role of Fault Attributions and Other Factors in Adults' Attitudes Toward Hypothetical Children With an Undesirable Characteristic.

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Psychological Reports
· DOI :10.1177/0033294117748617
Taylor W. Wadian3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UC: University of Cincinnati),
Tammy L. Sonnentag3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Xavier University)
+ 1 AuthorsMark A. Barnett19
Estimated H-index: 19
(KSU: Kansas State University)
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Abstract
A total of 184 adults read descriptions of six hypothetical children with various undesirable characteristics (i.e., being extremely overweight, extremely aggressive, extremely shy, a poor student,...
References32
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#1Kevin R. Murphy (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 80
#2Craig J. Russell (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 24
Moderator variables are widely hypothesized and studied in the organizational sciences, but the empirical track record of moderator variable studies is very discouraging. These studies often lack sufficient statistical power and the type of designs and measures common in organizational research virtually guarantee that the moderator effects that are found are usually extremely small. We recommend that future attempts to identify and estimate moderator effects should be limited to situations wher...
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Last. Valerie H. Taylor (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 36
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Abstract Background There is an increasing recognition of the relationship between mental illness and obesity in the pediatric population. Our objective was to explore the individual, biological and family determinants of depressive symptoms and HRQOL in youth with obesity in a clinical setting. Methods We studied 244 youth aged 8–17 years at the time of entry to a weight management program. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Chil...
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OBJECTIVE: This large population-based study of US children considered the association of obesity with a broad range of comorbidities. This study examined relationships between weight status and health for US children. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional analysis of data on 43,297 children aged 10 to 17 from the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health. Weight status was calculated from parent reportofchildheightandweight.Logisticregressionmodelsassessed associations between weight status and...
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#1Kristin Davies (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 5
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Last. Stephen C. Wright (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 30
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This work identifies how cross-group friendships are conceptualized and measured in intergroup research, investigates which operationalizations yield the strongest effects on intergroup attitudes, explores potential moderators, and discusses the theoretical importance of the findings. Prior meta-analyses have provided initial evidence that cross-group friendships are especially powerful forms of intergroup contact. Although studies of cross-group friendship have grown considerably in recent year...
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#1Shayla C. Holub (UTD: University of Texas at Dallas)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Parents and children hold negative attitudes about obesity, but little is known about individual differences in obesity stigma. The current study examined authoritarian parenting style, beliefs about the controllability of weight and fear of fat in relation to mothers' dislike of overweight individuals. Factors related to children's weight stereotypes were also investigated. Forty-nine mothers and children (43% girls) participated. Mothers showed more dislike and blame toward adults who...
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Increasing emphasis has been placed on the use of effect size reporting in the analysis of social science data. Nonetheless, the use of effect size reporting remains inconsistent, and interpretation of effect size estimates continues to be confused. Researchers are presented with numerous effect sizes estimate options, not all of which are appropriate for every research question. Clinicians also may have little guidance in the interpretation of effect sizes relevant for clinical practice. The cu...
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The goal of this study was to explore kindergarten teachers' attitudes and beliefs toward hypothetical children who frequently displayed certain types of behaviors with peers in the classroom. Participants were 202 kindergarten teachers from 4 provinces in Canada. Teachers responded to hypothetical vignettes describing children exhibiting shy, unsociable, aggressive, and prosocial behaviors. Beliefs assessed included teachers' tolerances of the behaviors, their behavioral attributions, the estim...
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#1Rebecca M. Puhl (Yale University)H-Index: 65
#2Janet D. Latner (U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa)H-Index: 48
Preventing childhood obesity has become a top priority in efforts to improve our nation’s public health. Although much research is needed to address this health crisis, it is important to approach childhood obesity with an understanding of the social stigma that obese youths face, which is pervasive and can have serious consequences for emotional and physical health. This report reviews existing research on weight stigma in children and adolescents, with attention to the nature and extent of wei...
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#1Eilis Hennessy (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 19
#2Lorraine Swords (Trinity College, Dublin)H-Index: 8
Last. Caroline Heary (National University of Ireland, Galway)H-Index: 16
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Background There is a widespread consensus in the literature that children who have psychological problems are more likely than other children to be excluded or rejected by their peers. The existence of this phenomenon has been established, primarily with the use of research on their sociometric status within groups of peers. Much less research has been performed on the way in which children develop attitudes and behavioural intentions towards peers with problems. Aims The primary aim of this ar...
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The goals of the present study were to assess (1) adults’ patterns of beliefs about and attitudes toward children, adolescents, and adults who are obese and (2) their attitudes toward hypothetical ...
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#1E.M. Fahmy (Banha University)
#2S.T. El-Bakry (Banha University)
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Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric childhood behavioral disorders, affecting children. Teachers are often the first persons responsible for identifying children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are increasingly being called on to help manage such children. International studies have revealed variable levels of knowledge and attitude among teachers regarding attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)....
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