Multiscale finite element modeling of sheet molding compound (SMC) composite structure based on stochastic mesostructure reconstruction

Published on Mar 15, 2018in Composite Structures5.138
· DOI :10.1016/J.COMPSTRUCT.2017.12.039
Zhangxing Chen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Chongqing University),
Tianyu Huang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NU: Northwestern University)
+ 6 AuthorsXuming Su18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Ford Motor Company)
Abstract Predicting the mechanical behavior of the chopped carbon fiber Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) due to spatial variations in local material properties is critical for the structural performance analysis but is computationally challenging. Such spatial variations are induced by the material flow in the compression molding process. In this work, a new multiscale SMC modeling framework and the associated computational techniques are developed to provide accurate and efficient predictions of SMC mechanical performance. The proposed multiscale modeling framework contains three modules. First, a stochastic algorithm for 3D chip-packing reconstruction is developed to efficiently generate the SMC mesoscale Representative Volume Element (RVE) model for Finite Element Analysis (FEA). A new fiber orientation tensor recovery function is embedded in the reconstruction algorithm to match reconstructions with the target characteristics of fiber orientation distribution. Second, a metamodeling module is established to improve the computational efficiency by creating the surrogates of mesoscale analyses. Third, the macroscale behaviors are predicted by an efficient multiscale model, in which the spatially varying material properties are obtained based on the local fiber orientation tensors. Our approach is validated through experiments at both meso- and macro-scales, such as tensile tests assisted by Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and mesostructure imaging.
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