Lebenskunst – was ist das und warum ist es lohnend, sich damit zu befassen?

Published on Jan 1, 2018
· DOI :10.1007/978-3-662-55251-3_1
Jessica Lang1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Bernhard Schmitz23
Estimated H-index: 23
Source
Abstract
Was beinhaltet das gute Leben und wie gestaltet sich der Weg dorthin? Das Kapitel gibt eine Einfuhrung in die Thematik der Lebenskunst. Hierzu wird zunachst Bezug auf die Fragestellung nach einem guten Leben sowie dessen Kriterien genommen. Anschliesend werden bereits bestehende Konstrukte des Wohlbefindens beschrieben und von eigenen theoretischen Uberlegungen abgegrenzt. Es werden philosophische Uberlegungen als theoretisches Fundament aufgegriffen, um die eigenen Gedanken zur Entstehung des Lebenskunst-Modells herzuleiten. Letztlich wird das psychologische Modell der Lebenskunst mit dessen Bestandteilen beschrieben und aufgezeigt, warum es sich lohnt sich mit der Thematik auseinander zu setzen.
References35
Newest
#1Alex C. Michalos (UNBC: University of Northern British Columbia)H-Index: 2
While the quantity of our lives is notoriously limited to one per person, its quality is as varied as the perspectives or domains from which it is viewed. Viewed from one perspective, a person may be well off, but from another not at all well off. This fact of life is familiar to everyone. So, the whole research field of ‘quality of life’ studies might be more accurately called ‘qualities of life’ studies. In any case, the general sense of the phrase ‘quality of life’ is here understood as a goo...
12 Citations
#1Jennifer L. Smith (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 10
#2Linda Hollinger-Smith (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 3
Objectives: Guided by Fredrickson's broaden and build theory of positive emotions and Zautra's dynamic model of affect, the current study examines the relation between savoring positive experiences (i.e., the ability to notice and regulate positive feelings) and psychological well-being for older adults with higher and lower levels of resilience.Method: A sample of 164 (74% female) older adults living in a large metropolitan area participated in this study. Participants were recruited from a con...
79 CitationsSource
#1Ruut Veenhoven (NWU: North-West University)H-Index: 65
Life-satisfaction is our subjective appreciation of our life as-a-whole. The synonyms are happiness and subjective wellbeing. A good society is first of all a livable society and the livability of a society manifests in the life satisfaction of its members. Therefore improving society requires an understanding of life satisfaction, in particularly it requires answering the following seven questions: (1) What is life satisfaction precisely? (2) Can life satisfaction be measured? (3) How satisfied...
11 CitationsSource
#1Josep Gustems-Carnicer (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 5
#2Caterina Calderón (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 13
The coping strategies used by students play a key role in their psychological well-being. This study examines the relationship between coping strategies and psychological well-being in a sample of 98 undergraduates aged between 19 and 42 years. Coping strategies were evaluated by means of the CRI-A (Moos, 1993), while psychological well-being was assessed using the BSI (Derogatis and Spencer, 1982). The results show a relationship between coping style and psychological well-being. Approach copin...
50 CitationsSource
#1P. Alex Linley (University of Warwick Science Park)H-Index: 22
#2Stephen Joseph (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 99
It has often been assumed that the search for meaning following adversity is adaptive, but scant evidence exists to support this. Rather, it seems that while the presence of meaning is adaptive, the search for meaning is actually related to greater distress. Across three samples (158 churchgoers, 128 members of the general population, 84 funeral directors), we assessed schematic changes following adversity using the Changes in Outlook Questionnaire and both the presence of meaning and the search...
90 CitationsSource
#1James E. Maddux (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 34
327 CitationsSource
#1E Richard (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
#2Ed Diener (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 183
Personality has been found to be more strongly associated with subjective well-being in many instances than are life circumstances. In part, this might be due to the fact that temperament and other individual differences can influence people’s feelings and evaluations of their lives, but also because people’s emotions are an inherent part of personality. This chapter discusses the heritability of “happiness,” that portion of subjective well-being that is due to genetic differences between indivi...
1,102 CitationsSource
7 Citations
#1Edward L. Deci (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 149
#2Richard M. Ryan (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 186
Self-determination theory (SDT) is an empirically based theory of human motivation, development, and wellness. The theory focuses on types, rather than just amount, of motivation, paying particular attention to autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and amotivation as predictors of performance, relational, and well-being outcomes. It also addresses the social conditions that enhance versus diminish these types of motivation, proposing and finding that the degrees to which basic psychologi...
2,539 CitationsSource
#1Sonja LyubomirskyH-Index: 66
501 Citations
Cited By1
Newest
#1Jessica Lang (Technische Universität Darmstadt)H-Index: 1
#2Bernhard Schmitz (Technische Universität Darmstadt)H-Index: 23
The research in the field of positive psychology is alive for children and adolescents, and especially the effects of intervention studies are promising. While a large number of instruments exist f...
1 CitationsSource