Cytoplasmic transport and nuclear import of plasmid DNA.

Published on Dec 22, 2017in Bioscience Reports2.942
· DOI :10.1042/BSR20160616
Haiqing Bai2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UR: University of Rochester),
Gillian M. Schiralli Lester2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UR: University of Rochester)
+ 1 AuthorsDavid A. Dean52
Estimated H-index: 52
(UR: University of Rochester)
Sources
Abstract
Productive transfection and gene transfer require not simply the entry of DNA into cells and subsequent transcription from an appropriate promoter, but also a number of intracellular events that allow the DNA to move from the extracellular surface of the cell into and through the cytoplasm, and ultimately across the nuclear envelope and into the nucleus before any transcription can initiate. Immediately upon entry into the cytoplasm, naked DNA, either delivered through physical techniques or after disassembly of DNA–carrier complexes, associates with a large number of cellular proteins that mediate subsequent interactions with the microtubule network for movement toward the microtubule organizing center and the nuclear envelope. Plasmids then enter the nucleus either upon the mitotic disassembly of the nuclear envelope or through nuclear pore complexes in the absence of cell division, using a different set of proteins. This review will discuss our current understanding of these pathways used by naked DNA during the transfection process. While much has been elucidated on these processes, much remains to be discerned, but with the development of a number of model systems and approaches, great progress is being made.
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