Changes of meibomian glands in the early stage of post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Published on Oct 1, 2017in Experimental Eye Research3.011
· DOI :10.1016/J.EXER.2017.07.013
Seonjoo Kim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Catholic University of Korea),
Young-Sik Yoo11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Catholic University of Korea)
+ 2 AuthorsKyung-Sun Na15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Catholic University of Korea)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most effective cure for hematologic malignancies. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication following allogeneic HSCT, which significantly affects non-relapse mortality. And ocular manifestations of GVHD are known to occurin 60–90% of patients with chronic GVHD. Although the pathogenesis of ocular GVHD is not clearly known, it is known to progress into inflammation and fibrosis through presentation of antigens on CD4 and CD8 T cells. There is much evidence that the ocular surface and meibomian glands are severely damaged in ocular GVHD patients, and there are few observational studies on the early changes. In this review, we will discuss the various changes in the meibomian glands and ocular surface, and tear dynamics in the early stage following HSCT. These results show that tear film break-up time (TFBUT) decreased and the corneal staining score was significantly higher 2–3 months after HSCT. The upper eyelid and total eyelid meiboscore increased after 3 months following HSCT. The information of the early changes of meibomian glands morphology would be helpful to further examine the pathogenesis of meibomian gland dysfunction.
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