Immunomodulatory Activity of Ganoderma atrum Polysaccharide on Purified T Lymphocytes through Ca2+/CaN and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway Based on RNA Sequencing.

Published on Jun 26, 2017in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry5.279
· DOI :10.1021/ACS.JAFC.7B01763
Quan-Dan Xiang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NCU: Nanchang University),
Qiang Yu24
Estimated H-index: 24
(NCU: Nanchang University)
+ 4 AuthorsMingyong Xie73
Estimated H-index: 73
(NCU: Nanchang University)
Sources
Abstract
Our previous study has demonstrated that Ganoderma atrum polysaccharide (PSG-1) has immunomodulatory activity on spleen lymphocytes. However, how PSG-1 exerts its effect on purified lymphocytes is still obscure. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the immunomodulatory activity of PSG-1 on purified T lymphocytes and further elucidate the underlying mechanism based on RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Our results showed that PSG-1 promoted T lymphocytes proliferation and increased the production of IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-12. Meanwhile, RNA-seq analysis found 394 differentially expressed genes. KEGG pathway analysis identified 20 significant canonical pathways and seven biological functions. Furthermore, PSG-1 elevated intracellular Ca2+ concentration and calcineurin (CaN) activity and raised the p-ERK, p-JNK, and p-p38 expression levels. T lymphocytes proliferation and the production of IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-12 were decreased by the inhibitors of calcium channel and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). These res...
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Abstract The fine structure in terms of backbone and branch chain features of a bioactive polysaccharide from Ganoderma atrum (PSG-1) was re-elucidated systematically using high performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC), methylation and GLC–MS analysis, and 1D & 2D NMR spectroscopy. Monosaccharide composition analysis revealed that PSG-1-F 0.2 fraction mainly consisted of glucose (73.8%) and glucuronic acid (15.3%), with small amount of mannose (5.7%) and galactose (5.2%). Based on methy...
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Abstract Previous researches focused on the chemical structure of Ganoderma atrum polysaccharide (PSG-1), and found it has antitumor and immunoregulatory activities. However, the mechanisms behind these biological activities remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible signaling pathways involved in the PSG-1 activated macrophage of S180 tumor-bearing mice. In vitro, PSG-1 probably stimulated macrophages resulting in an increase in phosphorylation of NF-κB, Akt and M...
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