Exploring the potential of boron-doped nanographene as efficient charge transport and nonlinear optical material: A first-principles study.
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling2.079
· DOI :10.1016/J.JMGM.2017.05.017
Abstract Owing to their excellent electrochemical properties, graphenes found applications in several fields ranging from semiconductors, solar cells, field effect transistors, and nanoscale electronic devices as well as in nonlinear optical (NLO) applications. The structural features, electro-optical, charge transport and nonlinear optical properties of the boron-doped graphene (BG) compound 1 were studied using density functional theory methods The BG compound comprises a central electron deficient site of boron atoms, which can serve as electron acceptor while terminal alkoxy groups as donors leading to powerful donor-π-acceptor (D-π-A) configuration. The experimental crystal structure was successfully reproduced by optimized ground state geometry at PBE0/6-311G* level of theory for isolated molecule. The experimental lattice parameters, geometries, crystal presentation and alignment of molecules in the unit cells as well as their packing orientation of BG compound 1 was also efficiently reproduced by applying periodic boundary conditions (PBC) at PBE level. The comprehensive intramolecular charge transfer (CT) was realized from terminal rings of the HOMO to the electron deficient sites of boron atoms of the LUMO. The nature of BG compound 1 might be more towards hole transport even though its hole reorganization energy is twice than that of the electron one due to the significant higher hole transfer integral values. The superior hole transfer integrals and intrinsic mobility values of the BG compound 1 might lead remarkable hole transport contender as compared to many other organic materials. The narrow band gap, density of states profile, dielectric function, uniform conductivity functions and noteworthy electronic as well as CT properties revealed that the BG compound 1 might be proficient optoelectronic contestant having intermolecular CT as well as intramolecular CT with optimal stability. A comparison of static third-order polarizability of BG compound 1 , as calculated in present investigation, was also performed with some standard NLO molecules as well as graphene nanoflakes. Moreover, longitudinal component γ zzzz of parent compound has been found 12 and 4 times larger than those of previously reported open-shell poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Interestingly, by increasing the donor ability, i.e., introduction of C 2 H 2 PhNH 2 groups in place of OC 4 H 9 groups (BG compound 3 ) at terminal positions boosts the amplitude ∼ 8 times than that of its parent BG compound 1 .