Arterial Stiffness is an Independent Risk Factor for Anemia After Percutaneous Native Kidney Biopsy

Published on Jun 30, 2017in Kidney & Blood Pressure Research2.687
· DOI :10.1159/000477453
Keiko Tanaka8
Estimated H-index: 8
Masashi Kitagawa10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 8 AuthorsJun Wada64
Estimated H-index: 64
Background/Aims: Bleeding is the most common complication after renal biopsy. Although numerous predictors of bleeding have been reported, it remains unclear whether arterial stiffness affects bleeding complications. Method: We performed an observational study of the renal biopsies performed in our division over an approximately 6-year period (May 2010 to May 2016). The clinical and laboratory factors were analyzed to reveal the risk factors associated with bleeding, with a focus on anemia (defined as a ≥10% decrease in hemoglobin [Hb] after biopsy). The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured to evaluate arterial stiffness. Results: This study included 462 patients (male, n=244; female, n=218). Anemia (defined above) was observed in 54 patients (11.7%). The risk of anemia was higher in women, older patients, and patients with lower serum albumin, lower eGFR and lower diastolic blood pressure after biopsy. We then performed a further analysis of 187 patients whose baPWV data were available. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher baPWV was an independent risk factor for anemia. ROC analysis for predicting anemia found that a baPWV value of 1839 cm/s had the best performance (AUC 0.689). Conclusion: An increased baPWV may be a more valuable predictor of bleeding than any of the other reported risk factors.
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