Chitosan based nanofibers in bone tissue engineering.

Published on Nov 1, 2017in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules5.162
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2016.12.046
K. Balagangadharan10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SRM University),
S. Dhivya9
Estimated H-index: 9
(SRM University),
Nagarajan Selvamurugan59
Estimated H-index: 59
(SRM University)
Sources
Abstract
Bone tissue engineering involves biomaterials, cells and regulatory factors to make biosynthetic bone grafts with efficient mineralization for regeneration of fractured or damaged bones. Out of all the techniques available for scaffold preparation, electrospinning is given priority as it can fabricate nanostructures. Also, electrospun nanofibers possess unique properties such as the high surface area to volume ratio, porosity, stability, permeability and morphological similarity to that of extra cellular matrix. Chitosan (CS) has a significant edge over other materials and as a graft material, CS can be used alone or in combination with other materials in the form of nanofibers to provide the structural and biochemical cues for acceleration of bone regeneration. Hence, this review was aimed to provide a detailed study available on CS and its composites prepared as nanofibers, and their associated properties found suitable for bone tissue engineering.
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