Breastfeeding Initiation Associated With Reduced Incidence of Diabetes in Mothers and Offspring.

Published on Nov 1, 2016in Obstetrics & Gynecology7.661
· DOI :10.1097/AOG.0000000000001689
Patricia J. Martens39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UM: University of Manitoba),
Leigh Anne Shafer22
Estimated H-index: 22
+ 10 AuthorsGarry X. Shen20
Estimated H-index: 20
Sources
Abstract
OBJECTIVE:To examine associations between breastfeeding initiation and subsequent diabetes among First Nations (indigenous people in Canada who are not Metis or Inuit) and non–First Nations mothers and their offspring with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).METHODS:This retrospective da
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#1Garry X. Shen (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 20
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Background Over the past 30 years, the prevalence of diabetes has steadily increased among Canadians, and is particularly evident among First Nations (FN) women. The interplay between FN ancestry, gestational diabetes and the development of subsequent diabetes among mothers remains unclear. Methods After excluding known pre-existing diabetes, we explored whether FN ancestry may modify the association between gestational diabetes and post-partum diabetes among women in Manitoba (1981–2011) via a ...
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#6David Walton (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 6
Abstract Lactation improves glucose metabolism, but its role in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) after gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains uncertain. To evaluate lactation and the 2-year incidence of DM after GDM pregnancy. Prospective, observational cohort of women with recent GDM. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01967030). Integrated health care system. 1035 women diagnosed with GDM who delivered singletons at 35 weeks' gestation or later and enrolled in the Study of Women, Infant Feed...
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#1W. Allan Walker (Harvard University)H-Index: 78
#2Rajashri Shuba Iyengar (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
Newborns adjust to the extrauterine environment by developing intestinal immune homeostasis. Appropriate initial bacterial colonization is necessary for adequate intestinal immune development. An environmental determinant of adequate colonization is breast milk. Although the full-term infant is developmentally capable of mounting an immune response, the effector immune component requires bacterial stimulation. Breast milk stimulates the proliferation of a well-balanced and diverse microbiota, wh...
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#1EniRachelH-Index: 1
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Abstract Background: In Canada, First Nations women are far less likely to breastfeed than other women. First Nations people have been subjected to massive health and social disparities and are at the lowest end of the scale on every measure of well-being. The purpose of this study is to understand the experiences, strengths, and challenges of breastfeeding for First Nations women. Central to the current research is the notion of an embodiment within indigenous women's health and, more specifica...
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#1Meghan B. Azad (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 36
#2Theodore KonyaH-Index: 11
Last. Anita L. KozyrskyjH-Index: 61
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Background: The gut microbiota is essential to human health throughout life, yet the acquisition and development of this microbial community during infancy remains poorly understood. Meanwhile, there is increasing concern over rising rates of cesarean delivery and insufficient exclusive breastfeeding of infants in developed countries. In this article, we characterize the gut microbiota of healthy Canadian infants and describe the influence of cesarean delivery and formula feeding. Methods: We in...
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#1Anette-G. Ziegler (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 78
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Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a high risk of developing postpartum type 2 diabetes. Strategies to prevent postpartum type 2 diabetes are important to reduce the epidemic of diabetes and its societal impact. Breastfeeding was reported to improve early postpartum glucose tolerance and reduce the subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes. To investigate whether breastfeeding influences short- and long-term postpartum diabetes outcomes, women with GDM (n = 304) participating in the pr...
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#1Catherine Pelletier (Public Health Agency of Canada)H-Index: 8
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: Diabetes in Canada: facts and figures from a public health perspective" is the first comprehensive diabetes surveillance report published by the Public Health Agency of Canada. The report aims to support public health professionals and organizations in developing effective, evidence-based public health policies and programs to prevent and manage diabetes and its complications. The report, developed in collaboration with provincial and territorial governments, the Canadian Diabetes Association,...
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OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of breastfeeding during the postpartum oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) on maternal blood glucose and insulin among women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus.METHODS:Participants were enrolled in the Study of Women, Infant Feeding, and Type 2 Diabetes, a prosp
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#2Brandy WicklowH-Index: 19
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Abstract Objective To describe the characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus in youth ( Methods A retrospective review of the clinical presentation of youth with type 2 diabetes during a 5-year period using a clinical database. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Analysis of variance was used to look for differences in the means between the groups categorized by year of diagnosis. Results The majority of youth (198/227; 87%) had First Nation heritage. The average age at diagn...
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#1Francesco Savino (Boston Children's Hospital)H-Index: 37
#2Maria Maddalena Lupica (Boston Children's Hospital)H-Index: 10
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Abstract The importance of early life events in the development of metabolic diseases is well recognized. Early postnatal environment, including nutrition, is key to future health, and this is particularly true for preterm infants. It is important that these infants receive sufficient nutrients to prevent growth restriction and promote neurodevelopment, while minimizing predisposition to metabolic diseases later in life. Feeding habits are the fundamental elements of nutrition and are influenced...
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Aims To investigate the association between lactation and maternal risk of type 2 diabetes, including a potential graded association according to lactation duration. Methods Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies that investigated the reported association between lactation (irrespective of duration, intensity or mode) on maternal risk of type 2 diabetes. Results A total of 21 studies (17 cohort studies and 5 cross-sectional studies) were included in this systematic review, ...
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#1Laurie Griffin (Brown University)
#2Jia Jennifer Ding (Brown University)
Last. Martha B. Kole-White (Brown University)
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BackgroundIn patients with gestational diabetes, breastfeeding decreases the lifetime risk of Type 2 diabetes by half. Lactation consultation has been shown to increase breastfeeding rates in the g...
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#1Claudia Eberle (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 6
#2Christoph Ament (Augsburg College)H-Index: 7
Diabetic pregnancies are cleary associated with maternal type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome as well as atherosclerotic diseases in the offspring. The global prevalence of hyperglycemia in pregnancy was estimated as 15.8% of live births to women in 2019, with an upward trend. Numerous parental risk factors as well as trans-generational mechanisms targeting the utero-placental system, leading to diabetes, dysmetabolic and atherosclerotic conditions in the next generation, seem to be involved w...
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Abstract Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated level of blood glucose. It affects more than 422 million people globally. In resource limited settings, the progression of gestational diabetes (GDM) to DM was not well investigated and this research work was conducted to estimate the incidence of DM after GDM and their predictors in resource limited settings. Methods A retrospective and prospective cohort studies were used from January 2010 until Dece...
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#1Allison Dart (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 22
Rates of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are disproportionately increased in Indigenous peoples. The focus has traditionally been on adults, as they experience the highest rates of kidney failure requiring kidney replacement therapy. The impacts of colonization, systemic racism, and sociodemographic marginalization however impact the health of Indigenous peoples across the lifespan. This review presents the social context within which Indigenous children develop and the impact relevant to kidney he...
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#1Amy Leung Hui (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 7
#2Wanda Philips-BeckH-Index: 1
Last. Garry X. Shen (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Background First Nations (FN) women have a higher risk of diabetes than non-FN women in Canada. Prenatal education and breastfeeding may reduce the risk of diabetes in mothers and offspring. The rates of breastfeeding initiation and participation in the prenatal program are low in FN communities. Methods A prenatal educational website, social media-assisted prenatal chat groups and community support teams were developed in three rural or remote FN communities in Manitoba. The rates of p...
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Background This meta-analysis was to systematically investigate the effect of breastfeeding on metabolic-related outcomes in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods We will search the online databases of Relevant studies were searched in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science. Relative risk and weighted mean difference with 95% confidence interval will pooled using Stata14.0 software. Conclusion Our meta-analysis will explore the effect of breastfeeding on meta...
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#1Christy Pylypjuk (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 7
#2Elizabeth A.C. Sellers (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 26
Last. Brandy Wicklow (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Objective There is emerging evidence that First Nations women with diabetes in pregnancy and their offspring have poorer health outcomes compared to non-First Nations women. The aim of this study was to describe the perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by type 2 diabetes. Methods The Next Generation (NextGen) longitudinal study is a First Nations birth cohort of children born to mothers diagnosed in childhood with type 2 diabetes. Pregnant women were prospectively enrolled in t...
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#1Hiliary Monteith (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
#2Tracey Galloway (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
Last. Anthony J. Hanley (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 77
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INTRODUCTION Prudent infant nutrition, including exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months, is essential for optimal short-term and long-term health. Quantitative research to date has documented that many Indigenous communities have lower breastfeeding rates than the general population and that this gap in breastfeeding initiation and maintenance may have an important impact on chronic disease risk later in life. However, there are critical knowledge gaps in the literature regarding factors that influ...
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