Immunogenic Apoptotic Cell Death and Anticancer Immunity

Published on Jan 1, 2016in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology2.45
· DOI :10.1007/978-3-319-39406-0_6
Peter Vandenabeele153
Estimated H-index: 153
,
Katrien Vandecasteele4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsDmitri V. Krysko47
Estimated H-index: 47
Sources
Abstract
For many years it has been thought that apoptotic cells rapidly cleared by phagocytic cells do not trigger an immune response but rather have anti-inflammatory properties. However, accumulating experimental data indicate that certain anticancer therapies can induce an immunogenic form of apoptosis associated with the emission of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which function as adjuvants to activate host antitumor immune responses. In this review, we will first discuss recent advances and the significance of danger signaling pathways involved in the emission of DAMPs, including calreticulin, ATP, and HMGB1. We will also emphasize that switching on a particular signaling pathway depends on the immunogenic cell death stimulus. Further, we address the role of ER stress in danger signaling and the classification of immunogenic cell death inducers in relation to how ER stress is triggered. In the final part, we discuss the role of radiotherapy-induced immunogenic apoptosis and the relationship of its immunogenicity to the fraction dose and concomitant chemotherapy.
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