Longitudinal change in white matter in preterm infants without magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities: Assessment of serial diffusion tensor imaging and their relationship to neurodevelopmental outcomes

Published on Jan 1, 2017in Brain & Development1.504
· DOI :10.1016/J.BRAINDEV.2016.07.007
Satoshi Kidowaki5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine),
Masafumi Morimoto21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine)
+ 9 AuthorsHajime Hosoi33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine)
Abstract Purpose We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to evaluate longitudinal changes in fractional anisotropy (FA) of white matter tracts in preterm infants without abnormal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Imaging was conducted at term equivalent age (TEA) and 1 year of corrected age. Furthermore, we assessed correlations between FA and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of corrected age to investigate brain prematurity of preterm infants without MRI abnormalities. Methods Preterm infants underwent serial MRI at TEA and 1 year of corrected age. Of these, 13 infants entered a retrospective study, undergoing neurodevelopmental assessment at 3 years of corrected age. These infants were divided into two groups depending on gestational age (GA): Results FA of the splenium at TEA was significantly different between the two groups divided according to GA. However, this difference was no longer observed at 1 year of corrected age. There was no correlation between FA of the splenium at TEA and neurodevelopmental assessment scores at 3 years of corrected age. Conclusions At TEA, FA of the splenium was lower in younger GA infants without MRI abnormalities, but this may not affect subsequent neurodevelopmental outcomes.
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