Fetal and Maternal Nutrition

Published on Apr 6, 2005
· DOI :10.1002/9780470774663.CH10
Keith Frayn5
Estimated H-index: 5
Sara Stanner5
Estimated H-index: 5
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Cited By8
#1M.D. Johnson (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 1
#2Joseph S. Sanfilippo (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 16
Childhood and adolescent obesity has become a national epidemic. In the United States greater than one-third of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. Current prediction models estimate that approximately 25 % of children less than 16 years old will be obese by 2050. This is a major health concern as childhood obesity predisposes individuals to adult obesity and the associated medical sequelae. One such sequela is reduced fertility potential. This chapter sets forth to review c...
2 CitationsSource
#1Caroline H.D. Fall (Southampton General Hospital)H-Index: 78
The “developmental origins of health and disease” (DOHaD) hypothesis proposes that environmental conditions during fetal and early post-natal development influence lifelong health and capacity through permanent effects on growth, structure and metabolism. This has been called ‘programming’. The hypothesis is supported by epidemiological evidence in humans linking newborn size, and infant growth and nutrition, to adult health outcomes, and by experiments in animals showing that maternal under- an...
53 CitationsSource
#1Amrit BanstolaH-Index: 1
Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is a very common problem in children under five years of age in Nepal. The purpose of this review is to summarise the situation of PEM in children under five in Nepal and the service delivery mechanisms carried out by Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) through a review of published literature. A search of the Google Scholar and PubMed databases was conducted using the following keywords; Child health services; protein energy malnutrition; stunting; wasting...
3 Citations
predictors of fetal growth rate in generation 3 of the Cebu cohort. Oral presentation, 5th International Congress on Developmental Origins of Health & Disease. Early Hum Dev 2007;83:S44. 28 Rayco-Solon P, Fulford AJ, Prentice AM. Differential effects of seasonality on preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction in rural Africans. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:134–99. 29 Moore SE, Halsall I, Howarth D, Poskitt EM, Prentice AM. Glucose, insulin and lipid metabolism in rural Gambians exposed to earl...
3 CitationsSource
#1Paula Gardiner (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 55
#2Lauren Nelson (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 6
Last. Brian W. Jack (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 36
view all 7 authors...
Women of child-bearing age should achieve and maintain good nutritional status prior to conception to help minimize health risks to both mothers and infants. Many women may not be aware of the importance of preconception nutrition and supplementation or have access to nutrition information. Health care providers should be knowledgeable about preconception/pregnancy-related nutrition and take the initiative to discuss this information during preconception counseling. Women of reproductive age sho...
96 CitationsSource
#1Katie T. Kivlighan (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 25
#2Janet A. DiPietro (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 53
Last. Mark L. Laudenslager (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 56
view all 4 authors...
Summary Maternal psychological functioning during pregnancy affects both maternal and fetal well-being. The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis provides one mechanism through which maternal psychosocial factors may be transduced to the fetus. However, few studies have examined maternal psychological factors or birth outcomes in relation to the diurnal pattern of cortisol across the day. The current study examined maternal psychological well-being, parity status, and birth weight in relatio...
118 CitationsSource
#1J. Lunn (British Nutrition Foundation)H-Index: 7
#2H. E. Theobald (British Nutrition Foundation)H-Index: 4
218 CitationsSource
SUMMARY 1INTRODUCTION 2PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY 2.1 Changes in body composition and weight gain 2.2 Changes in blood composition 2.3 Metabolic changes and adaptive responses 2.4 Key points 3BIRTHWEIGHT AND THE FETAL ORIGINS HYPOTHESIS 3.1 Factors associated with birthweight 3.2 The fetal origins of adult disease hypothesis 3.3 Key points 4ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS AND PREGNANCY 4.1 Key points 5PRE-PREGNANCY NUTRITIONAL ISSUES 5.1 Bodyweight and fertility 5.2 Pre-pregnancy weight and bi...
146 CitationsSource