Household Food Insecurity Predictive of Health Status in Early Adolescence? A Structural Analysis Using the 2002 NSAF Data Set

Published on Dec 1, 2007in The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
· DOI :10.32398/CJHP.V5I4.1269
Godwin S. Ashiabi4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Keri K. O'Neal5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
East Bay1
Estimated H-index: 1
Sources
Abstract
We used data from the 2002 National Survey of American Families to examine a structural model of the relations among food insecurity, poor nutritional status, parental mental health problems, quality of parenting, adolescents’ emotional distress, and poor health status for a national sample of 5366 12-to-14 year-olds. The results revealed that: first, food insecurity was associated with elevated levels of parental mental health problems, diminished quality of parenting, elevated levels of adolescents’ emotional problems, and higher incidence of poor nutritional and health statuses. Second, parental mental health problems were associated with diminished quality of parenting and higher incidence of poor health status; and quality of parenting had a negative effect on emotional distress, but not on health status. Finally, poor nutritional status was associated with elevated levels of emotional distress and higher incidence of poor health status; and emotional distress was predictive of poor health status. The findings of this study highlight the mediating role of nutritional status, parenting factors and adolescents’ emotional well-being in the link between food insecurity and health; and point to the complex interaction between food insecurity and health status.
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Data on 11,614 children (ages 6–11) from the 1999 National Survey of American Families were used to examine a model linking household food insecurity, child health, and emotional well-being to school engagement. The results, using path analyses revealed that (i) the proposed model fit the data quite well; (ii) food insecurity predicted health status, emotional well-being, and negatively predicted school engagement; (iii) health status predicted emotional well-being, and negatively predicted scho...
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#1John T. Cook (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 29
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This study examines two research questions: the child‐ and family‐specific factors that predict food insecurity and participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the effects on school‐age children of food insecurity and participating in the NSLP. Results show that factors representing families’ economic status are significantly associated with food insecurity and that a broader range of cultural and attitudinal factors predicts participation in the NSLP. Food insecurity is associ...
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