Art‐of‐Living Training: Developing an Intervention for Students to Increase Art‐of‐Living

Published on Nov 1, 2016in Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being
· DOI :10.1111/APHW.12072
Jessica Lang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technische Universität Darmstadt),
Bernhard Schmitz23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Technische Universität Darmstadt)
Sources
Abstract
Background Art-of-living describes a mindful and self-determined way of dealing with one's self and way of life. It is related to measures of well-being. Art-of-living is based on strategies and attitudes which can be learned and therefore can be changed. Two types of training for students to increase art-of-living were developed and tested in two studies to determine the effects on art-of-living measures. Methods Study 1 dealt with the initial examination of whether it is possible to enhance the art-of-living by training selected art-of-living strategies. Therefore, training with three conditions was developed and conducted with secondary school students (ages 16–19). In Study 2, a second art-of-living training was developed and conducted with children from primary school (ages 8–11). Results In Study 1, the art-of-living measures increased significantly for the training conditions compared to a control group. In addition, Study 2 showed that higher levels of the art-of-living lead to a better quality of life. Conclusions In summary, the training successfully enhanced art-of-living. Limitations on and benefits of utilising the art-of-living training are discussed.
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