Self-Compassion as a Predictor of Loneliness: The Relationship Between Self-Evaluation Processes and Perceptions of Social Connection

Published on Jan 1, 2015
Taylor A Lyon1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Southeastern University)
Loneliness is a common and painful experience related to a multitude of negative health outcomes. The current study examined the relationship between measures of selfcompassion and measures of loneliness in order to explore whether a self-compassionate mindset might alleviate feelings of social isolation. Because prior research has indicated a relationship between self-evaluation processes and perceptions of social connectedness, the study was conducted with the hypothesis that there would be a negative correlation between self-compassion and loneliness constructs. The sample consisted of 198 undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 at a small Christian university in the Southeast U. S. The Short Form of the Self-Compassion Scale and the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3) were administered to the participants through an online survey. Results from data analyses showed a moderate negative correlation of about .555 (p<.01), supporting the initial hypothesis and providing incentive for further research on self-compassion as a potential predictor and treatment of loneliness.
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1 Author (Ahmet Akin)
#1Lena Wiklund Gustin (MDH: Mälardalen University College)H-Index: 7
#2Lynne WagnerH-Index: 1
This study has its roots in a clinical application project, focusing on the development of a teaching–learning model enabling participants to understand compassion. During that project four clinica ...
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#2Bahador Bahrami (Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging)H-Index: 38
Last. Geraint Rees (Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging)H-Index: 100
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Loneliness is the distressing feeling associated with the perceived absence of satisfying social relationships. Loneliness is increasingly prevalent in modern societies and has detrimental effects on health and happiness. Although situational threats to social relationships can transiently induce the emotion of loneliness, susceptibility to loneliness is a stable trait that varies across individuals [6-8] and is to some extent heritable. However, little is known about the neural processes associ...
#1Kelly Werner (Stanford University)H-Index: 8
#2Hooria Jazaieri (Stanford University)H-Index: 27
Last. James J. Gross (Stanford University)H-Index: 161
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Abstract Self-compassion refers to having an accepting and caring orientation towards oneself. Although self-compassion has been studied primarily in healthy populations, one particularly compelling clinical context in which to examine self-compassion is social anxiety disorder (SAD). SAD is characterized by high levels of negative self-criticism as well as an abiding concern about others’ evaluation of one's performance. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) people with SAD w...
#1Christopher M. Masi (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 20
#2Hsi-Yuan Chen (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 3
Last. John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 172
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Social and demographic trends are placing an increasing number of adults at risk for loneliness, an established risk factor for physical and mental illness. The growing costs of loneliness have led to a number of loneliness reduction interventions. Qualitative reviews have identified four primary intervention strategies: (a) improving social skills, (b) enhancing social support, (c) increasing opportunities for social contact, and (d) addressing maladaptive social cognition. An integrative meta-...
#1Filip Raes (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 50
#2Elizabeth Pommier (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 3
Last. Dinska Van Gucht (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 16
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The objective of the present study was to construct and validate a short-form version of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Two Dutch samples were used to construct and cross-validate the factorial structure of a 12-item Self-Compassion Scale–Short Form (SCS–SF). The SCS-SF was then validated in a third, English sample. The SCS–SF demonstrated adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ≥ 0.86 in all samples) and a near-perfect correlation with the long form SCS (r ≥ 0.97 all samples). Confirm...
#1Nicholas T. Van Dam (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 26
#2Sean C. Sheppard (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 8
Last. Mitch Earleywine (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 29
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Abstract Mindfulness has received considerable attention as a correlate of psychological well-being and potential mechanism for the success of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Despite a common emphasis of mindfulness, at least in name, among MBIs, mindfulness proves difficult to assess, warranting consideration of other common components. Self-compassion, an important construct that relates to many of the theoretical and practical components of MBIs, may be an important predictor of psych...
#1Ahmet Akin (Sakarya University)H-Index: 21
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and loneliness. Participants were 398 university students who were enrolled in mid-size state University, in Turkey. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the UCLA Loneliness were used. In correlation analysis, self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness factors of self-compassion were found negatively related to loneliness. On the other hand, self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification factors of ...
In the present study, aims were (1) to determine gender differences in self-compassion, self-efficacy, and control belief for learning and (2) to examine the relationships between self-compassion, self-efficacy, and control belief for learning. Participants were 390 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Self-Compassion Scale, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Control Belief for Learning Scale. Results showed that there were no significant gender differences i...
#1Kristin D. Neff (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 42
#2Stephanie S. Rude (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 22
Last. Kristin L. Kirkpatrick (EKU: Eastern Kentucky University)H-Index: 2
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This study examined the relation of self-compassion to positive psychological health and the Wve factor model of personality. Self-compassion entails being kind toward oneself in instances of pain or failure; perceiving one’s experiences as part of the larger human experience; and holding painful thoughts and feelings in balanced awareness. Participants were 177 undergraduates (68% female, 32% male). Using a correlational design, the study found that self-compassion had a signiWcant positive ass...
Five studies investigated the cognitive and emotional processes by which self-compassionate people deal with unpleasant life events. In the various studies, participants reported on negative events in their daily lives, responded to hypothetical scenarios, reacted to interpersonal feedback, rated their or others’ videotaped performances in an awkward situation, and reflected on negative personal experiences. Results from Study 1 showed that self-compassion predicted emotional and cognitive react...
Cited By2
#1Cláudia Ferreira (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 20
#2InĂŞs Matos-Pina (UC: University of Coimbra)
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Literature highlights the impact of loneliness on mental and physical wellbeing. Nonetheless, the link between loneliness and the distinct domains of quality of life has only been slightly explored. Moreover, the relationship between early affiliative memories and current feelings of loneliness still need to be studied. The main goal of this study was to explore how early memories of warmth and safeness and physical, psychological and social quality of life (QoL) are related through the mediatin...
#1Xinyi Liu (ECNU: East China Normal University)H-Index: 1
#2Ying Yang (ECNU: East China Normal University)H-Index: 7
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Loneliness is an unpleasant experience of lacking desired interpersonal relationships. Abundant evidence has clarified the negative outcomes of loneliness, such as anxiety, even suicidal behaviors. However, relatively few is known about the internal buffering elements for loneliness, especially in adolescents. The current research aimed to investigate the relationship between self-compassion and adolescents’ loneliness, as well as the mediating roles of fear of negative evaluation and social anx...
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