Complications caused by perfluorocarbon liquid used in pars plana vitrectomy

Published on Dec 1, 2015in Kosin Medical Journal
· DOI :10.7180/KMJ.2015.30.2.123
Jae Ho Yoo2
Estimated H-index: 2
Ki Yup Nam10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Kosin University)
+ 2 AuthorsSang Joon Lee11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Kosin University)
Results: Retinal detachment (51 cases, 47%) was the most common surgery which used PFCL intraoperatively. Other causes were vitreous hemorrhage (24 cases, 22%), posteriorly dislocated lens (22 cases, 21%), and trauma (11 cases, 10%). Intraocular PFCL was found in a total of 9 (8.3%) eyes. PFCL bubbles remained in anterior chamber and vitreous cavity were observed in 4 cases and subretinal retained PFCL was observed in 5 cases. Three of 5 cases of subretinal PFCL exhibited in subfoveal space. Among the three subfoveal cases, macular hole developed after PFCL removal in 1 case, epiretinal membrane in the area where had been PFCL bubble. However, we observed no complications in 1 case of subfoveal PFCL that was removed by surgery. PFCL in anterior chamber and vitreous cavity were in 4 cases. Conclusions: The presence of subfoveal PFCL might affect visual and anatomic outcomes. However, subfoveal PFCL may induce visual complications, and therefore requires special attention.
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