Medical physics in Europe following recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency

Published on Mar 1, 2016in Radiology and Oncology2.991
· DOI :10.1515/RAON-2016-0004
Bozidar Casar2
Estimated H-index: 2
Maria do Carmo Lopes39
Estimated H-index: 39
+ 2 AuthorsCsilla Pesznyák7
Estimated H-index: 7
Medical physics is a health profession where principles of applied physics are mostly directed towards the application of ionizing radiation in medicine. The key role of the Medical physics expert in safe and effective use of ionizing radiation in medicine was widely recognized in recent European reference documents like the European Union Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM (2014), and European Commission Radiation Protection No. 174, European Guidelines on Medical Physics Expert (2014). Also the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been outspoken in supporting and fostering the status of Medical Physics in Radiation Medicine through multiple initiatives as technical and cooperation projects and important documents like IAEA Human Health Series No. 25, Roles and Responsibilities, and Education and Training Requirements for Clinically Qualified Medical Physicists (2013) and the International Basic Safety Standards, General Safety Requirements Part 3 (2014). The significance of these documents and the recognition of the present insufficient fulfilment of the requirements and recommendations in many European countries have led the IAEA to organize in 2015 the Regional Meeting on Medical Physics in Europe, where major issues in medical physics in Europe were discussed. Most important outcomes of the meeting were the recommendations addressed to European Member States and the survey on medical physics status in Europe conducted by the International Atomic Energy Agency and European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics. Conclusions: Published recommendations of IAEA Regional Meeting on Medical Physics in Europe shall be followed and enforced in all European states. Appropriate qualification framework including education, clinical specialization, certification and registration of medical physicists shall be established and international recommendation regarding staffing levels in the field of medical physics shall be fulfilled in particular. European states have clear legal and moral responsibility to effectively transpose Basic Safety Standards into national legislation in order to ensure high quality and safety in patient healthcare. Keywords: medical physics, Europe, International Atomic Energy Agency, recommendations
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Author (A. Belov)
1 Author (P. Knutsson)
Abstract This EFOMP Policy Statement presents an outline on hospital governance and encourages the participation of the Medical Physicist in the hospital governance. It also emphasises how essential it is for Medical Physicists to engage in their hospital's governing board's committees for the overall good of the patient.
#1Hilde BosmansH-Index: 58
Last. Carmel J. CaruanaH-Index: 10
view all 7 authors...
Poster: "ECR 2015 / C-0899 / EUTEMPE-RX: European training and education for the medical physics expert in diagnostic and interventional radiology" by: "H. Bosmans1, K. Bliznakova2, R. Padovani3, S. Christofides4, N. Van Peteghem1, V. Tsapaki5, C. J. Caruana6; 1Leuven/BE, 2Varna/BG, 3Udine/IT, 4Nicosia/CY, 5Nea Ionia/GR, 6Msida/MT"
Training program IAEA TCS-37 (Training course series No.37) "Clinical Training of Medical Physicists Specializing in Radiation Oncology (2009)" was fixed to practical training syllabus at faculty and graduate course of medical physics of a university. TCS-47 for diagnostic radiology (2010) and TCS-50 for nuclear medicine (2011) were also involved in the syllabus. These training courses had been developed by IAEA RCA RAS6038 project since 2002. In this paper, first, comparison with other training...
#1Yolande Lievens (Ghent University Hospital)H-Index: 29
#2Mary Coffey (Trinity College, Dublin)H-Index: 17
Last. Cai Grau (Aarhus University Hospital)H-Index: 64
view all 10 authors...
Background: The ESTRO Health Economics in Radiation Oncology (HERO) project has the overall aim to develop a knowledge base of the provision of radiotherapy in Europe and build a model for health economic evaluation of radiation treatments at the European level. The first milestone was to assess the availability of radiotherapy resources within Europe. This paper presents the personnel data collected in the ESTRO HERO database. Materials and methods: An 84-item questionnaire was sent out to Euro...
#1Stephen F. Keevil ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 27
Summary Nowadays, the term medical physics usually refers to the work of physicists employed in hospitals, who are concerned mainly with medical applications of radiation, diagnostic imaging, and clinical measurement. This involvement in clinical work began barely 100 years ago, but the relation between physics and medicine has a much longer history. In this report, I have traced this history from the earliest recorded period, when physical agents such as heat and light began to be used to diagn...
#1Jerry J. BattistaH-Index: 47
#2B Clark (Ottawa Hospital)H-Index: 10
Last. Jacob Van DykH-Index: 16
view all 8 authors...
The January 2010 articles in The New York Times generated intense focus on patient safety in radiation treatment, with physics staffing identified frequently as a critical factor for consistent quality assurance. The purpose of this work is to review our experience with medical physics staffing, and to propose a transparent and flexible staffing algorithm for general use. Guided by documented times required per routine procedure, we have developed a robust algorithm to estimate physics staffing ...
#1Yukiya Amano (IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency)H-Index: 5
“Governments, regulatory bodies and operators everywhere must ensure that nuclear material and radiation sources are used beneficially, safely and ethically. The IAEA safety standards are designed to facilitate this, and I encourage all Member States to make use of them.”
#1Eric E. Klein (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 31
Purpose: Justification of clinical physics staffing levels is difficult due to the lack of direction as how to equate clinical needs with the staffing levels and competency required. When a physicist negotiates staffing requests to administration, she/he often refers to American College of Radiology staffing level suggestions, and resources such as the Abt studies. This approach is often met with questions as to how to fairly derive the time it takes to perform tasks. The result is often insuffi...
Abstract A recently published EFOMP's survey on the status of Education and Training in Europe, has showed the important role played by the NMOs in the organisation of the Medical Physics education and training in most countries and their efforts to fulfil EFOMP recommendations. However, despite of this, there is still a wide variety of approaches within Europe, not only in the education and training programmes but also in professional practice. There is right now some European issues that can a...
#1Stelios Christofides (Nicosia General Hospital)H-Index: 10
This EFOMP Policy Statement outlines the way in which a Safety and Quality Management System can be developed for Medical Physics Departments. The Policy Statement can help Medical Physicists to eliminate or at least minimize accidents or incidences due to improper use or application of medical technology on one hand and on the other to guarantee a safe, effective and efficient usage of new
Cited By5
#1Kundan Thind (TBCC: Tom Baker Cancer Centre)H-Index: 9
#2Michael Roumeliotis (TBCC: Tom Baker Cancer Centre)H-Index: 9
Last. Sarah Quirk (TBCC: Tom Baker Cancer Centre)H-Index: 10
view all 8 authors...
Purpose null To quantify the change resource utilization in radiation therapy in the context of advancing technologies and techniques over the last decade. null null null Methods and Materials null Prospectively, the time to complete radiation therapy workflow tasks was captured between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2020. The institutional task workflows are specific to each technique and broadly organized into 4 categories: 3-dimenstional conformal radiation therapy, intensity modulated rad...
Medical physicists are health professionals recognized by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and hence medical physicists working in a clinical environment should have the required competency and undergo a structured training program and residency under an experienced medical physicist in a recognized institution. Furthermore, medical physics is a rapidly growing area needing a high degree of knowledge and professional competency due to the rise in complexity of treatment procedures, in...
#1Jeannie Hsiu Ding Wong (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 12
#2Kwan Hoong Ng (UM: University of Malaya)H-Index: 30
Last. Sivananthan Sarasanandarajah (RMIT: RMIT University)H-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The increased use of medical imaging and radiation therapies has resulted in a high demand for medical physicists. Although medical physics programmes are well established in advanced countries, the same cannot be said for many low- and medium-income countries. In some countries, there may be huge variations in the graduates' skill and quality, which pose a problem in ensuring patient safety, providing quality assurance in treatments, optimisation of protocols and standardisation of qua...
#1Mishkat Ali Jafri (Institute of Business Administration, Karachi)H-Index: 1
#2Salman FarrukhH-Index: 3
Last. Sajjad Ahmed Memon (Nuclear Institute)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
The importance of the medical physics profession and medical physicists is widely recognized by the international bodies like ILO, IAEA, EC, etc. The description of a medical physicist’s qualification framework, their role and responsibilities have been addressed in the legislative and regulatory frameworks of developed countries like the USA (in 10CFR) and the EC (EC RP 174) and less comprehensively in developing counties like Pakistan. AFOMP has contributed positively in various regulatory and...
#1Virginia TsapakiH-Index: 22
#2Slavik Tabakov (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 2
Last. Madan M. Rehani (Harvard University)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Purpose The International Organization for Medical Physics (IOMP) performed a detailed study following the first survey published in 2015 with the particular objectives: 1) gather data on global medical physicists (MPs) workforce, 2) identify differences between geographical regions and, 3) investigate whether there is a gender dimension in higher hierarchy positions. Methods An online questionnaire was send to IOMP members and contact points in countries where no professional MPs socie...
#1Ivette Zegarra Ocampo (CNEN: National Nuclear Energy Commission)H-Index: 1
Last. Daniel Perez Vieira (CNEN: National Nuclear Energy Commission)H-Index: 7
view all 10 authors...
Micronucleus (MN) assay constitutes a valuable surrogate to the chromosome aberration technique for in vitro testing of the genotoxicity of substances. As test substances, two peptidic compounds (DOTATATE and Ubiquicidin29-41) used in nuclear medicine, were tested for in vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in CHO-K1 cells. None of the compounds showed detectable cytotoxicity (0.5–7.3 ng/mL for DOTATATE and 0.3–4.5 ng/mL for UBI29-41), genotoxicity (0.72, 7.2 and 72.0 ng/ml for DOTATATE and 0.45,...
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.