Realization of two-dimensional spin-orbit coupling for Bose-Einstein condensates

Published on Oct 7, 2016in Science47.728
路 DOI :10.1126/SCIENCE.AAF6689
Zhan Wu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USTC: University of Science and Technology of China),
Long Zhang15
Estimated H-index: 15
(PKU: Peking University)
+ 7 AuthorsJian-Wei Pan113
Estimated H-index: 113
(USTC: University of Science and Technology of China)
Sources
Abstract
Cold atoms with laser-induced spin-orbit (SO) interactions provide a platform to explore quantum physics beyond natural conditions of solids. Here we propose and experimentally realize two-dimensional (2D) SO coupling and topological bands for a rubidium-87 degenerate gas through an optical Raman lattice, without phase-locking or fine-tuning of optical potentials. A controllable crossover between 2D and 1D SO couplings is studied, and the SO effects and nontrivial band topology are observed by measuring the atomic cloud distribution and spin texture in momentum space. Our realization of 2D SO coupling with advantages of small heating and topological stability opens a broad avenue in cold atoms to study exotic quantum phases, including topological superfluids.
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