The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Self-Compassion

Published on Jul 1, 2003in Self and Identity3.304
路 DOI :10.1080/15298860309027
Kristin D. Neff42
Estimated H-index: 42
(University of Texas at Austin)
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Abstract
This article defines the construct of self-compassion and describes the development of the Self-Compassion Scale. Self-compassion entails being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of pain or failure rather than being harshly self-critical; perceiving one's experiences as part of the larger human experience rather than seeing them as isolating; and holding painful thoughts and feelings in mindful awareness rather than over-identifying with them. Evidence for the validity and reliability of the scale is presented in a series of studies. Results indicate that self-compassion is significantly correlated with positive mental health outcomes such as less depression and anxiety and greater life satisfaction. Evidence is also provided for the discriminant validity of the scale, including with regard to self-esteem measures.
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