Evaluation of hematological and biochemical profiles in dairy cows with left displacement of the abomasum

Published on Mar 1, 2013in Comparative Haematology International
· DOI :10.1007/S00580-011-1382-5
Mohammad Reza Mokhber Dezfouli8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UT: University of Tehran),
Zohre Eftekhari9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UT: University of Tehran)
+ 2 AuthorsMahyar Jeloudari2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Urmia University)
Sources
Abstract
For the present study, 25 Holstein and crossbreed, 3 to 7-year-old cows diagnosed with left displacement of the abomasum and 15 healthy cattle as control groups over a period of 2 years were used. LDA diagnosis was based on clinical examinations (high-pitched bell-like sounds) and confirmed by laparoscopy. Two blood samples were collected from each case through the jugular vein including one tube containing EDTA for hematological parameters analysis and one tube without anticoagulant for biochemical analysis. Hematological parameters including Ca, P, Mg, Cl, AST, urea, and glucose concentrations were measured by routine procedures. Serum was determined by use of an atomic absorption spectrophotometer, and Na and K values were obtained using a flame photometer. The results of this study showed that Hb, percentage of PCV, total leukocytic, neutrophils, total protein count plus AST, urea, and glucose concentrations were significantly increased in the LDA cases compared to the control group, whereas a marked decrease in plasma electrolyte concentrations (hyponatremia, hypochloremia, hypokalemia, and hypocalcemia) was found in 88–92% of LDA cases. In conclusion, in the present study, it was shown that DA causes alterations in the clinical, hematological, and biochemical profiles and these alterations can be more severe when DA is concurrent with other diseases.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
70 Citations
40 Citations
340 Citations
References34
Newest
#1H. M. El-AttarH-Index: 2
Last. Mohamed GhanemH-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
11 CitationsSource
#1M. Rohn (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 2
#2B.-A. TenhagenH-Index: 2
Last. W. Hofmann (FU: Free University of Berlin)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Summary This study examines the association of pre-surgical clinical parameters in cows with left displacement of the abomasum (LDA) with the probability of cure. Data from 466 cases of LDA in which omentopexy was performed were analysed. Cows were classified in three categories according to the outcome of treatment. Cows in the first category were cured, i.e. sent back to the farm for further milk production. Cows in the second category were sent for slaughter because of an unfavourable prognos...
25 CitationsSource
#1T. Zadnik (University of Ljubljana)H-Index: 1
10 CitationsSource
#1S C L Van Winden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 10
#1S C L Van Winden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 4
Last. J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 16
view all 4 authors...
As left-displaced abomasum (LDA) often occurs in cows with high contents of fat in the liver (fatty liver), a postpartum fatty liver-inducing regimen was applied to 16 cows. The main interest of the study was whether there were productive or metabolic changes in cows prior to LDA. Therefore, feed intake and milk production were monitored and blood samples were collected from the cows. The LDA occurred in 4 out of 16 dairy cows that were included in the feeding regimen. Compared to cows not devel...
77 CitationsSource
#1Veysi AslanH-Index: 4
#2Mahmut OkH-Index: 8
Last. Fahrettin AlkanH-Index: 5
view all 6 authors...
Background: In cattle, diseases of abomasum are of great importance and include right and left displacement, torsion, impaction, pyloric stenosis and ulceration. Displacement of the abomasum has become one of the most important metabolic and organic internal disorders of cattle and the disease is most prevalent in high performing milk breeds. Abomasal displacement occurs most frequently in high yielding cows during early lactation. It has been reported that feeding a large amount of concentratio...
6 CitationsSource
The objective of this study was to evaluate hemato-biochemical parameters in cows with left- and right- sided displacement of the abomasum. Comparison of a group of cows with displacement of the abomasum (n = 73) and a control group of cows (n=43) of the same breed, age, physiological period and management showed statistically significant (p<0.05) deviations of the following hematological and biochemical parameters: increased hematocrit (Ht), white blood cell count (WBCC), neutrophils, total bil...
40 CitationsSource
#2C. R. Brattinga (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 2
Last. A. C. Beynen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 51
view all 5 authors...
The position of the abomasum in six cows was examined by ultrasonography at regular intervals for six weeks after they had calved. Its position was established by determining the distance between the margin of the left side of the abomasum and the ventral midline at two sites. During the last weeks of pregnancy, the abomasum was positioned in a small region of the left ventral side of the abdominal cavity. At parturition it was positioned high on the left side and then descended. The abomasum wa...
17 CitationsSource
#1S C L Van Winden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 10
#1S C L Van Winden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 4
Last. J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 16
view all 4 authors...
The pH value of the abomasal contents in adult cattle is normally constant and has a value of 2. Abomasal contents with pH values of 5.5 and higher could give rise to bacterial fermentation with subsequent gas production. The accumulation of gas is thought to form a key event in the pathogenesis of abomasal displacement. The aim of the present study was to determine the pH values of abomasal contents of dairy cows in the first 3 weeks after calving. The pH of the abomasal contents was, over seve...
24 CitationsSource
#1Hans HoueH-Index: 32
Last. J.Y. BlomH-Index: 2
view all 8 authors...
: The present review analyses the documentation on incidence, diagnosis, risk factors and effects of milk fever and subclinical hypocalcaemia. It is hereby evaluated whether the existing documentation seems sufficient for further modelling in a decision support system for selection of a control strategy. Several studies have been carried out revealing an incidence of milk fever most often in the level of 5-10%. Few studies indicate that the incidence of subclinical hypocalcaemia is several times...
69 Citations
#1K. Holtenius (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2K. Sternbauer (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 3
Last. P. Holtenius (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
We have studied the effect of plasma glucose level on the abomasal outflow rate of fluid using a hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp technique in dairy cows. Four nonpregnant, nonlactating cows were sub- jected to one of the following treatments: hyperinsuli- nemic normoglycemic clamp; hyperinsulinemic hypo- glycemic clamp; hyperinsulinemic hyperglycemic clamp; or, as a control, an intravenous infusion of .9% sodium chloride in a Latin square design. The cows were previously fitted with a permanent f...
52 CitationsSource
Cited By19
Newest
#1Yuxiang Song (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 8
#2Juan J. Loor (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 68
Last. Xinwei Li (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 23
view all 9 authors...
Left displaced abomasum (LDA) occurs at high frequency in the early postpartum period and can affect production performance of dairy cows. Clinical diagnosis of LDA is usually done by abdominal auscultation and percussion. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential applicability of blood biomarkers for early warning and diagnosis of LDA in dairy cows. Twenty early postpartum healthy cows and thirty early postpartum LDA cows of similar parity were used. A receiver operating characteri...
Source
#1Ramūnas Antanaitis (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Vida Juozaitienė (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences)H-Index: 4
view all 7 authors...
The aim of the current study was to determine the effectiveness of two surgical techniques regarding cow respiratory rates, heart rates, and rumination time using two sensors: an experimental device created by the Institute of Biomedical Engineering of Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuania) and the Hi-Tag rumination monitoring system (SCR) produced by SCR Engineers Ltd., Netanya, Israel. The cows were divided into two groups: the PA1 group, containing cows treated by percutaneous abomasopex...
1 CitationsSource
#1P.R. Menta (TTU: Texas Tech University)
#2T.A. Batchelder (TTU: Texas Tech University)H-Index: 1
Last. R.C. Neves (TTU: Texas Tech University)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
The objectives of this study were to describe the stability of bovine whole-blood electrolytes, glucose, and lactate in samples collected in lithium heparin tubes and stored in thermoconductive modules immersed in ice water. A total of 99 Jersey cows (40 first-parity, 18 second-parity, and 41 third-parity or greater cows) from a commercial dairy farm in West Texas were enrolled between June and July 2018. Blood was collected from the jugular vein using a 60-mL polypropylene syringe and equally d...
Source
#2Rafael Otaviano do Rego (UFES: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo)
Last. Carla Lopes de Mendonça (UFRPE: Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
The objective of this study was to simultaneously evaluate biomarkers in the blood and peritoneal fluid (PF) of cattle with intestinal diseases (GI n=14) and traumatic reticulitis (GII n=13). A clinical examination and blood collection and PF were performed and subsequently, physical and cytological analysis of PF, as well as biochemical determinations in blood and PF. The analysis of variance was used at a 5% probability level comparing the groups and comparing blood and PF. In both groups, sig...
Source
#1Yan Sheng Guo (Ningxia University)H-Index: 1
#2Jin Zhong Tao (Ningxia University)H-Index: 1
Last. Sheng Hu He (Ningxia University)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
High-producing dairy cows are easily affected by left displacement of the abomasum (LDA) within 4 weeks postpartum. Although LDA is highly associated with metabolic disturbances, the related information on comprehensive metabolic changes, with the exception of some blood biochemical parameters, remains limited. In this study, the changes in plasma metabolites and in the metabolic profile of postpartum dairy cows with LDA were investigated through liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole tim...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jae-Kwan Jeong (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 5
#2I.S. Choi (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 3
Last. Ill-Hwa Kim (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
Abstract This study evaluated the relationship between serum magnesium concentration, peri‑ and postpartum disorders, and reproductive performance in dairy cows. Blood samples were collected from 198 Holstein cows 4 weeks prepartum, after calving, and 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks postpartum to measure serum magnesium and/or progesterone concentrations. To determine the relationship between serum magnesium concentration and peri‑ or postpartum disorders, cows were divided into two groups based on thei...
3 CitationsSource
Source
Because left displacements of abomasum cause great economic losses among dairy cattle production, so this study was aimed to evaluate the main hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis, milk ketones, determination acid base balance and ultrasonographic findings of cows with left displaced abomasum (LDA). This study was performed on forty five Holstein dairy cows; fifteen cows were clinically healthy and kept as a control group; the other thirty cows showed signs of abomasal displacement that in...
2 CitationsSource
#1Mascha Berg (Zuse Institute Berlin)H-Index: 2
#2Julia Plöntzke (Zuse Institute Berlin)H-Index: 4
Last. Susanna Röblitz (Zuse Institute Berlin)H-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACT High-performing dairy cows require a particular composition of nutritional ingredients, adapted to their individual requirements and depending on their production status. The optimal dimensioning of minerals in the diet, one being potassium, is indispensable for the prevention of imbalances. Potassium balance in cows is the result of potassium intake, distribution in the organism, and excretion, and it is closely related to glucose and electrolyte metabolism. In this paper, we present a...
2 CitationsSource
#2Masoud MahamH-Index: 9
Last. Ghader Jalilzadeh-AminH-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
Displacement of the abomasum is a common disease of the gastrointestinal tract in dairy cattle. Abomasal displacement has been associated with abomasal hypomotility. Therefore, it is necessary to identify effective therapeutic agents that stimulate abomasal motility in cattle. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is traditionally used as a folk remedy for treatment of human gastrointestinal complaints in the northwest of Iran. This study investigated the effects of A. millefolium extracts on abomasal s...