SREBP-1c overexpression induces triglycerides accumulation through increasing lipid synthesis and decreasing lipid oxidation and VLDL assembly in bovine hepatocytes.

Published on Sep 1, 2014in The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology3.813
· DOI :10.1016/J.JSBMB.2014.02.009
Yu Li11
Estimated H-index: 11
(JLU: Jilin University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The natural incidence of fatty liver in ruminants is significantly higher than in monogastric animals. Fatty liver is associated with sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c). The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory network effects of SREBP-1c on the lipid metabolic genes involved in fatty acid uptake, activation, oxidation, synthesis, and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) assembly in bovine hepatocytes. In vitro , bovine hepatocytes were transfected with an adenovirus-mediated SREBP-1c overexpression vector. SREBP-1c overexpression significantly up-regulated the expression and activity of the fatty acid uptake, activation, and synthesis enzymes: liver fatty acid binding protein, fatty acid translocase, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain 1, acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1, and fatty acid synthase, increasing triglyceride (TG) synthesis and accumulation. SREBP-1c overexpression down-regulated the expression and activity of the lipid oxidation enzymes: carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2. Furthermore, the apolipoprotein B100 expression and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein activity were significantly decreased. SREBP-1c overexpression reduced lipid oxidation and VLDL synthesis, thereby decreasing TG disposal and export. Therefore, large amounts of TG accumulated in the bovine hepatocytes. Taken together, these results indicate that SREBP-1c overexpression increases lipid synthesis and decreases lipid oxidation and VLDL export, thereby inducing TG accumulation in bovine hepatocytes.
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