Assessment of ischemic penumbra in patients with hyperacute stroke using amide proton transfer (APT) chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI

Published on Feb 1, 2014in NMR in Biomedicine3.221
· DOI :10.1002/NBM.3048
Anna Tietze19
Estimated H-index: 19
(AU: Aarhus University),
Jakob Udby Blicher22
Estimated H-index: 22
(AU: Aarhus University)
+ 4 AuthorsManus J. Donahue32
Estimated H-index: 32
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST)-derived, pH-weighted, amide proton transfer (APT) MRI has shown promise in animal studies for the prediction of infarction risk in ischemic tissue. Here, APT MRI was translated to patients with acute stroke (1–24 h post-symptom onset), and assessments of APT contrast, perfusion, diffusion, disability and final infarct volume (23–92 days post-stroke) are reported. Healthy volunteers (n = 5) and patients (n = 10) with acute onset of symptoms (0–4 h, n = 7; uncertain onset  0.05) from APT values in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of patients (asymmetry, 0.022 ± 0.003; Lorentzian, 0.048 ± 0.003); however, ischemic regions in patients showed reduced (p = 0.03) APT effects compared with NAWM. Representative cases are presented, whereby the APT contrast is compared quantitatively with contrast from other imaging modalities. The findings vary between patients; in some patients, a trend for a reduction in the APT signal in the final infarct region compared with at-risk tissue was observed, consistent with tissue acidosis. However, in other patients, no relationship was observed in the infarct core and final infarct volume. Larger clinical studies, in combination with focused efforts on sequence development at clinically available field strengths (e.g. 3.0 T), are necessary to fully understand the potential of APT imaging for guiding the hyperacute management of patients. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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