Decision Analysis and Cost-effectiveness Analysis.

Published on Dec 1, 2009in Seminars in Spine Surgery
· DOI :10.1053/J.SEMSS.2009.08.003
Hilary F. Ryder6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Dartmouth College),
Christene M. McDonough1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Dartmouth College)
+ 1 AuthorsJon D. Lurie63
Estimated H-index: 63
(Dartmouth College)
Sources
Abstract
Healthcare decision making can be complex, often requiring decision makers to weigh serious trade-offs, consider patients' values, and incorporate evidence in the face of uncertainty. Medical decisions are made implicitly by clinicians and other decision-makers daily. Decisions based largely on personal experience are subject to many biases. Decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis are systematic approaches used to support decision-making under conditions of uncertainty that involve important trade-offs. These mathematical tools can provide patients, physicians, and policy makers with a useful approach to complex medical decision making.
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About the authors Foreword Preface Acknowledgments List of abbreviations 1. Elements of decision making in health care 2. Managing uncertainty 3. Choosing the best treatment 4. Valuing outcomes 5. Interpreting diagnostic information 6. Deciding when to test 7. Multiple test results 8. Finding and summarizing the evidence 9. Constrained resources 10. Recurring events 11. Estimation, calibration and validation 12. Heterogeneity and uncertainty 13. Psychology of judgment and choice Index.
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