Mixed-mode fatigue behavior of degraded toughened epoxy adhesive joints

Published on Mar 1, 2011in International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives2.671
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJADHADH.2010.11.007
Naresh V. Datla13
Estimated H-index: 13
(U of T: University of Toronto),
J. Ulicny2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsJan K. Spelt48
Estimated H-index: 48
(U of T: University of Toronto)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Open-faced asymmetric double cantilever beam (ADCB) specimens of toughened epoxy-aluminum adhesive joints were aged either in a constant humidity environment or a cyclically changing environment to study the mixed-mode fatigue behavior. Under constant humidity environments, the fatigue threshold strain energy release rate initially decreased with aging time until it reached a constant minimum value for long times. In contrast, the crack growth rates continued to increase with aging time. It is hypothesized that at crack growth rates close to threshold the fatigue behavior is governed by the epoxy matrix, whereas at relatively high crack growth rates the fatigue behavior is governed by the loss of the rubber toughening mechanism. Increasing the aging temperature accelerated the degradation of the joints leading to a reduction in the time to reach the constant minimum value and increased the crack growth rates. Under a cyclic aging environment with intermittent salt spray, neither the threshold strain energy release rate nor the crack growth rates degraded until four weeks of aging. The superior fatigue performance of these joints compared to joints aged in constant humidity environments was due to the lower water concentrations in the adhesive while aging. This conclusion was supported by moisture uptake measurements of the adhesive in deionised and salt water environments that showed simple Fickian behavior at room temperature and dual-Fickian behavior at higher temperature. The salt water environment produced osmotic pressure that decreased the moisture concentration in the second stage of diffusion.
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