Binocular vision and ocular motility;: Theory and management of strabismus

Published on Jan 1, 1974
Gunter K. von Noorden43
Estimated H-index: 43
,
Emilio C. Campos8
Estimated H-index: 8
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Abstract
I. PHYSIOLOGY OF THE SENSORIMOTOR COORDINATION OF THE EYES 1.General Introduction 2. Binocular Vision and Space Perception 3. Summary of the Gross Anatomy of the Extraocular Muscles 4. Physiology of the Ocular Movements 5. The Near Vision Complex 6. Histology and Physiology of the Extraocular Muscles 7. Visual Acuity, Geometric Optical Effects of Spectacles, Aniseikonia II. INTRODUCTION TO NEUROMUSCULAR ANOMALIES OF THE EYES 8. Classification of Neuromuscular Anomalies of the Eyes 9. Etiology of Heterophoria and Heterotropia 10. Symptoms in Heterophoria and Heterotropia and Psychological Effects of Strabismus 11. Examination of Patient I - Preliminaries 12. Examination of Patient II - Motor Signs in Heterophoria and Heterotropia 13. Examination of Patient III - Sensory Signs, Symptoms, and Binocular Adaptations in Strabismus 14. Examination of Patient IV - Amblyopia 15. Examination of Patient V - Depth Perception III. CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEUROMUSCULAR ANOMALIES OF THE EYES 16. Esodeviations 17. Exodeviations 18. Cyclovertical Deviations 19. A and V Patterns 20. Paralytic Strabismus 21. Special Forms of Strabismus 22. Anomalies of Convergence and Divergence 23. Nystagmus IV. PRINCIPLES OF THERAPY 24. Principles of Nonsurgical Treatment 25. Chemodenervation of Extraocular Muscles Botulinum Toxin 26. Principles of Surgical Treatment
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#2Fuhao Zheng (WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
Last. Xinping Yu (WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)H-Index: 6
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PURPOSE To evaluate the treatment efficacy of the preoperative base-out recovery point as the surgical target angle for acute acquired comitant esotropia. METHODS Prospective study. Twenty-two patients with acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) underwent strabismus surgery based on the target angle of the preoperative base-out recovery point. The postoperative deviation, positive fusional vergence, and negative fusional vergence were evaluated and compared with those of 23 normal individuals....
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#1Erwan J. David (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 4
#2Julia Beitner (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 4
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#1Otto Alexander Maneschg (Semmelweis University)H-Index: 4
#2Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni (Semmelweis University)H-Index: 10
Last. János Németh (Semmelweis University)H-Index: 27
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#1Arvind Chandna (Smith-Kettlewell Institute)H-Index: 1
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Strabismus is an eye disease that affects about 0.12%-9.86% of the population, which can cause irreversible sensory damage to vision and psychological problems. The most severe cases require surgical intervention, despite other less invasive techniques being available for a more conservative approach. As for surgeries, the treatment goal is to align the eyes to recover binocular vision, which demands knowledge, training, and experience. One of the leading causes of failure is human error during ...
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#1Apatsa Lekskul (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 2
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PURPOSE To identify the etiologies of isolated fourth cranial nerve palsy in Ramathibodi hospital, Thailand. METHODS Patients diagnosed with isolated fourth nerve palsy from January 1, 2009, through July 31, 2020 in Ramathibodi Hospital, were included in this retrospective, observational case series. The demographic data of patients, age at presentation, the etiologies of isolated fourth nerve palsy and neuroimaging results (if indicated) were recorded. RESULTS We identified 154 unilateral and 4...
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