Recurrence of intermittent exotropia: factors associated with surgical outcomes.

Published on Jul 8, 2009in Strabismus
· DOI :10.1080/09273970802678750
Konstandina Koklanis8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Royal Children's Hospital),
Zoran Georgievski4
Estimated H-index: 4
(La Trobe University)
Introduction: The surgery of choice for intermittent exotropia (XT) continues to be debated, with little evidence that one procedure provides a more successful outcome than the other in the longer term. Many factors, however, may potentially influence the outcome of strabismus surgery for intermittent XT. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with the recurrence of an exo-deviation following horizontal muscle surgery for intermittent XT of the divergence excess type. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical histories of patients who underwent surgery for the correction of intermittent XT between January 1998 and June 2005. The factors analyzed were as follows: sex, age of onset, age at initial surgery, family history, size of preoperative deviation, near binocular single vision, amblyopia, oblique dysfunction, refractive error, type of surgery, and postoperative alignment. Results: Eighty-nine patients were included in the final analysis. Of these, 19 demonstrated recurrence of their ...
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