Steroid pulse therapy impaired endothelial function while increasing plasma high molecule adiponectin concentration in patients with IgA nephropathy.

Published on Dec 1, 2006in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation4.531
· DOI :10.1093/NDT/GFL423
Haruhito A. Uchida15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Okayama University),
Yoshio Nakamura12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Okayama University)
+ 6 AuthorsHirofumi Makino98
Estimated H-index: 98
(Okayama University)
Sources
Abstract
Background. Decreased plasma adiponectin is associated with impaired endothelial function and, thereby, increased risk for cardiovascular events. Glucocorticoid (GC) affects vascular endothelial cells either favourably or harmfully depending upon the dosages and duration. We examined the effect of GC pulse therapy on vascular endothelial function. Methods. Fourteen young patients with IgA nephropathy were evaluated for flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), plasma levels of adiponectin both in high molecular weight (HMW adiponectin) form and in single molecular form (total adiponectin), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein, before and after a course of GC pulse therapy. Results. GC pulse therapy significantly decreased FMD (from 7.2 � 2.6 to 5.7 � 2.5%, P < 0.01). Meanwhile, plasma adiponectin levels were significantly augmented (total adiponectin: from 10.2 � 4.0 to 12.1 � 6.3mg/ml, P < 0.05; HMW: from 6.5 � 3.2 to 7.7 � 3.3mg/ml, P < 0.05). In parallel, elevated concentrations of serum HGF (from 0.28 � 0.12 to 0.63 � 0.38 ng/ml, P < 0.01) and plasma ADMA (from 0.45 � 0.07 to 0.53 � 0.04 nmol/ml, P < 0.05) were observed. Conclusions. GC pulse therapy impaired endothelial function while increasing plasma adiponectin levels, which may in turn restore the endothelial function in patients with IgA nephropathy.
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