Activation of mammalian IRE1α upon ER stress depends on dissociation of BiP rather than on direct interaction with unfolded proteins

Published on Sep 10, 2009in Experimental Cell Research3.383
· DOI :10.1016/J.YEXCR.2009.06.009
Daisuke Oikawa7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Japan Society for the Promotion of Science),
Yukio Kimata27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Nara Institute of Science and Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsTakao Iwawaki43
Estimated H-index: 43
(National Presto Industries)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract IRE1, an ER-localized transmembrane protein, plays a central role in the unfolded protein response. Upon ER stress, IRE1 senses the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER, and transfers signal from the ER to the cytosol. Recently, it was reported that the luminal domain of yeast Ire1 senses the unfolded proteins via a two-step mechanism, namely dissociation of BiP and direct interaction with unfolded proteins. However, it has been unclear whether a similar mechanism is applicable to mammalian IRE1α. To address this point, we analyzed luminal-domain mutants of mammalian IRE1α in cells, and evaluated the anti-aggregation activity of the luminal fragment of IRE1α in vitro. We generated a mutant that has low affinity for BiP, and this mutant was significantly activated even under normal conditions. Moreover, the luminal fragments of mammalian IRE1α did not exhibit anti-aggregation activity. These results suggest that in contrast to yeast Ire1, the regulation of mammalian IRE1α strongly depends on the dissociation of BiP.
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