Diagnosis and detection.

Published on Jan 1, 2011in European Journal of Ophthalmology2.597
路 DOI :10.1159/000320072
Giovanni Staurenghi44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Milan),
Alessandro Invernizzi23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Milan)
+ 1 AuthorsMarco Pellegrini13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Milan)
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Abstract
The aim of the chapter is to provide a practical but exhaustive guide in detecting macular edema and to describe its features depending on the retinal condition which cause it. The most useful imaging
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200812.08Ophthalmology
10 Authors (Mae O. Gordon, ..., Davide Poli)
References16
Newest
#1Ferdinando Bottoni (University of Milan)H-Index: 21
#2Chiara M. EandiH-Index: 26
Last. Giovanni StaurenghiH-Index: 44
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Purpose: To describe spectral high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT)脼ndings correlated with fundus autosuorescence (FAF), confocal blue resectance (CBR),and suorescein angiography (FA) patterns in patients affected by Type 2A idiopathicjuxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis.Methods: We reviewed OCT, FA, CBR, and FAF images of both eyes from 11 patientsaffected by Type 2A idiopathic juxtafoveolar retinal telangiectasis. One eye had Stage 2disease, 13 eyes had Stage 3 disease, 5 eyes had...
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#1Sandrine A. ZweifelH-Index: 12
#2Michael EngelbertH-Index: 19
Last. K. Bailey FreundH-Index: 81
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Objective To describe tubular structures found in the outer retina seen in a variety of retinal disorders. Methods Sixty-nine eyes of 63 patients were examined with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Optical coherence tomography C-scans were correlated with their corresponding B-scans. The prevalence, number, size, and shape of the tubular structures were determined. Results Branching tubules were identified in the outer retina of 54 patients with age-related macular degeneration and ...
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Background Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a common vision-limiting complication of uveitis. This study correlated fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) with visual acuity (VA).
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#1Neelakshi Bhagat (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 24
#2Ruben Grigorian (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 10
Last. Marco A. Zarbin (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 57
view all 4 authors...
Diabetic macular edema is a major cause of visual impairment. The pathogenesis of macular edema appears to be multifactorial. Laser photocoagulation is the standard of care for macular edema. However, there are cases that are not responsive to laser therapy. Several therapeutic options have been proposed for the treatment of this condition. In this review we discuss several factors and mechanisms implicated in the etiology of macular edema (vasoactive factors, biochemical pathways, anatomical ab...
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Purpose To summarize current concepts and recent literature regarding the pathogenesis, clinical substrates, and treatment of macular edema, in light of evolving pharmacologic and surgical approaches to this prevalent cause of vision loss. Design Interpretive essay. Methods Review and synthesis of selected recent literature, with interpretation and perspective. Results Macular edema occurs in a wide variety of pathologic conditions and represents the final common phenotype of several basic patho...
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#1Peter Charbel Issa (University of Bonn)H-Index: 48
Last. Hendrik P.N. Scholl (University of Bonn)H-Index: 61
view all 5 authors...
PURPOSE. To report the characteristics of confocal blue reflectance imaging in type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (type 2 IMT). METHODS. In a prospective observational cross-sectional study, both eyes of 33 patients with type 2 IMT were examined by means of fundus biomicroscopy, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Confocal blue reflectance (CBR) imaging was performed using a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (HRA2; Heidelberg Engineerin...
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#1Brian Y. Kim (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 2
#2Scott D. Smith (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 34
Last. Peter K. Kaiser (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 105
view all 3 authors...
Purpose To describe various morphologic patterns of diabetic macular edema (DME) demonstrated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and correlate them with visual acuity. Design Retrospective, observational, case series. Methods A retrospective review of all patients with DME who underwent OCT evaluation and met the study inclusion criteria between May 1998 and December 2002 at the Cole Eye Institute was performed. The OCT scans were evaluated for the presence of diffuse retinal thickening (DRT)...
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#1Srinivas R. Sadda (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 83
#2Ou Tan (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 17
Last. David Huang (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 82
view all 6 authors...
Objective To compare the detection of clinically significant diabetic macular edema (DME) by an optical coherence tomography (OCT) grid scanning protocol and biomicroscopic examination. Design Retrospective case series. Participants Outpatients at the Doheny Eye Institute. Methods The clinical and imaging records of a consecutive series of 71 eyes of 40 patients referred for DME who underwent OCT using the both the Macular Grid 5 (MG5) scanning protocol (to allow a more evenly distributed sampli...
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#1Justin C. Brown (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 60
#2Sharon D. SolomonH-Index: 28
Last. Neil M. BresslerH-Index: 92
view all 6 authors...
Objective To compare contact lens biomicroscopy with optical coherence tomography(OCT) for the detection of diabetic foveal edema. Methods Study participants consisted of a convenient cohort of consecutive patientswith diabetes mellitus seen at the Wilmer Eye Institute's Retinal VascularCenter, Baltimore, Md. Case characteristics were recorded and eyes were examinedby 1 of 4 retina specialists by means of contact lens biomicroscopy. Edemainvolving the center of the macula was assessed as definit...
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#1Subhransu Ray (MEE: Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary)H-Index: 5
#2Donald J. D'Amico (MEE: Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary)H-Index: 54
Cystoid macular edema (CME) following cataract surgery has been recognized for over 50 years as an important cause of suboptimal post-operative vision. The incidence of CME varies widely, but is likely in the range of 1-2% using modern cataract extraction techniques. The diagnosis of CME can generally be made on clinical examination with evidence of perifoveal cystic spaces and can be confirmed with use of fluorescein angiography to document the classic petaloid pattern of leakage mainly into th...
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Cited By9
Newest
#1Andreas BringmannH-Index: 62
#2Peter WiedemannH-Index: 2
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#1Eline E. B. De Clerck (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 5
#2Jan S. A. G. Schouten (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 44
Last. Carroll A.B. Webers (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 35
view all 13 authors...
PURPOSE To investigate whether higher blood pressure and greater arterial stiffness are associated with the presence of macular cysts and whether this association is already present in the absence of micro-aneurysms in individuals with and without type 2 diabetes. METHODS Using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), we performed a macular volume scan in 2647 individuals (mean age 60聽卤聽8聽years, 50% men, 27% type 2 diabetes). The association between macular cysts and 24-hour systolic ...
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#1G谩bor Holl贸 (Semmelweis University)H-Index: 31
#2Tin Aung (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 109
Last. Makoto Aihara (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 49
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a form of macular retina thickening that is characterized by the appearance of cystic fluid-filled intraretinal spaces. It has classically been diagnosed upon investigation after a decrease in visual acuity; however, improvements in imaging technology make it possible to non-invasively detect CME even prior to a clinically significant decrease in central vision. Risk factors for the development of CME include diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, u...
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#1Jina V. Han (University of Auckland)H-Index: 5
#2Dipika V. Patel (University of Auckland)H-Index: 31
Last. Charles N J McGhee (University of Auckland)H-Index: 64
view all 4 authors...
: Pseudophakic cystoid macular oedema (PCMO) remains a significant cause of compromised postoperative vision in contemporary cataract surgery. Well-established risk factors include intraoperative complications such as posterior capsule rupture and preoperative factors including: diabetes mellitus, uveitis, retinal vein occlusion, epiretinal membrane. The role of topical glaucoma medications in PCMO continues to be debated. Current treatment strategies largely target suppression of inflammation. ...
Source
: Macular edema (ME) represents the most common cause for visual loss among uveitis patients. The management of uveitic macular edema (UME) may be challenging, due to its often recalcitrant nature. Corticosteroids remain the mainstay of treatment, through their capability of effectively controlling inflammation and the associated ME. Topical steroids may be effective in milder cases of UME, particularly in edema associated with anterior uveitis. Posterior sub-Tenon and orbital floor steroids, as...
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#1Seunghwan Lee (UOU: University of Ulsan)H-Index: 13
#2Jung Kee Min (UOU: University of Ulsan)H-Index: 1
Last. Je Moon Woo (UOU: University of Ulsan)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
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Electronic databases (PubMed and EMBASE) were searched from 1980 to 2013 regarding epidemiology, treatment, and prevention routes of cholera. Keywords including cholera, epidemiology, clinical manifestation, and treatment of cholera, and control and prevention routes were searched. In this review article, we focused mainly on the treatment and control of cholera.
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#1Christopher Eckstein (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 22
#2Shiv Saidha (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 28
Last. Carlos A. Pardo (JHUSOM: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)H-Index: 64
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The aim of this work was to determine if neurosarcoidosis (NS) patients exhibit quantitative and/or qualitative in vivo evidence of retinal abnormalities on optical coherence tomography (OCT). Retinal imaging was performed using spectral-domain Cirrus HD-OCT in 20 NS patients (40 eyes) and 24 age-matched healthy controls (48 eyes). Study participants also underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, and detailed neurological and ophthalmologica...
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