SREBP-1c gene silencing can decrease lipid deposits in bovine hepatocytes cultured in vitro.

Published on May 1, 2014in Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
· DOI :10.1159/000358720
Qinghua Deng8
Estimated H-index: 8
(JLU: Jilin University),
Xinwei Li23
Estimated H-index: 23
+ 10 AuthorsXiaobing Li22
Estimated H-index: 22
Sources
Abstract
Background: Fatty liver is a major metabolic disorder that occurs during early lactation in high-producing dairy cows. Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) is an important transcription factor that regulates lipid synthesis by regulating the expression of lipid metabolism genes. Methods: In this study, we reduced the expression of SREBP-1c by adenovirus-mediated SREBP-1c with a low expression vector (AD-GFP-SREBP-1c) to study the effects of SREBP-1c on lipid deposits in bovine hepatocytes. The expression levels and enzyme activities of SERBP-1c and its target genes were determined by real-time PCR, western blot, and ELISA. Results: These results showed that Ad-GFP-SREBP-1c could inhibit SREBP-1c expression. The expression of the lipid synthesis enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) was down-regulated. The expression levels of the lipid oxidation enzymes long-chain fatty acyl-COA synthetase (ACSL-1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase І (CPT-І), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT- II), and β-hydroxyacyl-CoA-DH (HADH) were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression levels of factors involved in the assembly and transport of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs), such as apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB), apolipoprotein E (ApoE), and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) were decreased comparison with the negative control and the blank control groups, but the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) was elevated. The concentrations of TG (triglyceride) and VLDL were also reduced. Conclusion: These data suggest that low SREBP-1c expression can decrease lipid synthesis, increase lipid oxidation, and decrease the TG and VLDL content in bovine hepatocytes.
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