Adverse events: traumatic or potential for growth?

Published on Dec 1, 2012in British Journal of Mental Health Nursing
· DOI :10.12968/BJMH.2012.1.4.220
Hugh Koch1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Arnie Cann53
Estimated H-index: 53
,
Joshua Williams2
Estimated H-index: 2
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Abstract
Exposure to stress, adverse events and catastrophic trauma is not unusual in the course of a lifetime, and the consequences can be significant for many. Events including terrorist attacks, tsunamis, hurricanes as well as other man-made adverse events such as work accidents, road traffic accidents and medical negligence make the study of such reactions important. Most exposed individuals, due to their resilience do not develop a psychological disorder. From the clinical and public health perspective, can individuals who may be vulnerable be helped to become more resilient? Are we both resilient and vulnerable simultaneously? Can a perspective of post-traumatic growth promote a greater awareness of ‘stress inoculation’, thereby providing necessary tools to foster prevention of adverse reactions and facilitate recovery and growth at both individual and social levels? Can contemporary CBT encourage personal growth after trauma?
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T he term posttraumatic growth (PTG) first appeared in print in 1995 (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1995) and it has been defined as the experience of positive change resulting from the struggle with major life crises (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 1999). Although PTG, and related terms such as stress-related growth (Park, Cohen, & Murch, 1996), adversarial growth (Linley & Joseph, 2004), construed or perceived benefits (McMillen, Zuravin, & Rideout, 1995; Tennen, Affleck, Urrows, Higgins, & Mendola, 1992), and thr...
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The negative consequences of intimate partner violence are well documented. This study investigated the possibility that some survivors of intimate partner violence may also experience posttraumatic growth because of their struggle with this highly stressful circumstance. In addition, the relationships between posttraumatic growth and relationship status, type of abuse, depression, and availability of models of posttraumatic growth were examined. Most women reported posttraumatic growth. Overall...
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